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Tuesday, February 21, 2017

CCSF Accreditation In Jeopardy

Originally Published July 05, 2012; Last Updated February 21, 2017; Last Republished February 21, 2017:

The Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC), Western Association of Schools and Colleges has ordered CCSF to show cause why its accreditation should not be terminated and to submit its closure report by March 15, 2013.

CCSF's Interim Chancellor Pamila Fisher has posted an initial response to the ACCJC final evaluation report1.

Res: The Foundation of City College of San Francisco



Blog:

UPDATED 08/10/2012 FCJ, Occupy CCSF Protesters Decry Decimation of Public Education; Revenue Measures Essential for Survival


Web:

UPDATED 02/21/2017 SFEx, Future of CCSF’s Accreditor in Hands of Betsy DeVos and HigherEd, DeVos Praises Community Colleges in Remarks

It's not clear what Education Secretary Betsy DeVos or an alt-right evangelical preacher will or can contribute to advancing 21st century higher education in America?

UPDATED 02/06/2017 SFEx, Deal Reached to Make City College Tuition Free for SF Residents

San Francisco takes "baby steps" toward ensuring its residents have no cost access to the local community college, (CCSF).

The Board of Trustees (BOT) must create a vibrant educational environment that expands each student's curiosity—no mean challenge! (BOT's current goals and priorities)


Also, the BOT must further deepen its collaboration with the San Francisco Board of SupervisorsSan Francisco Mayor's OfficeCalifornia Community Colleges Chancellor's Office, Fiscal Standards and Accountability; and the various community stakeholders.

UPDATED 01/14/2017 HigherEd, BREAKING: CCSF's Accreditation Reaffirmed and SFEx, A timeline of CCSF’s accreditation battle  CCJC has reaffirmed CCSF's accreditation for seven years.
UPDATED 06/30/2016 SFExaminer, CCSF may return to being free after three decades

Our government should not be cannibalizing our nation's higher educational institutions in pursuit of a failed laissez-faire economic policy or extreme libertarian dogma (aka neo-anarchists).

UPDATED 01/07/2016 SFExaminer, CCSF’s accreditor found noncompliant with federal education standards

UPDATED 01/15/2015 SFExaminer,  Restoration status approved for CCSF in quest to remain accredited
UPDATED 06/21/2014 SFGate, CCSF deal gets Feds' Approval
UPDATED 12/27/2013 SFExaminer, CCSF Saga Shifts to Courtroom and SFGate, Lawyers for Faculty, Panel Argue Over CCSF's Accreditation

CCSF remains focused on responding to ACCJC's recommendations and is not taking part in the courtroom saga.

UPDATED 10/21/2013 SFExaminer, New CCSF Chancellor Vows to Help College Heal
UPDATED 07/04/2013 KQED, Commission Votes to Terminate CCSF Accreditation

CCSF has until July 31, 2013 to request that ACCJC reconsider their vote terminating its accreditation.

UPDATED 12/28/2012 SFGate, CCSF making big changes to stay afloat CCSF's accreditation preservation team moves with all diligent speed in responding to the Accrediting Commission's concerns!

UPDATED 10/04/2012 LAT, Fading Dreams: California Community Colleges

It's unclear why our community colleges are not structured to operate 24/7/365—providing a low or no cost pathway for all qualified residents and citizens to continuously improve their educational attainment over an entire lifetime?

UPDATED 09/19/2012 SFGate, CCSF risks bankruptcy, chancellor warns and SFGate, City College near bankruptcy, audit says
UPDATED 07/08/2012 InsideHigherEd, Something Has to Give
UPDATED 07/06/2012 NPR Forum, City College of San Francisco in Jeopardy?

A few primary CCSF stakeholders representatives discussing how the ACCJC's report can be used to improve an amazing Bay Area asset.

The Chronicle of Higher Education, City College of San Francisco Is Threatened With Loss of Accreditation

-----notes-----

1. CCSF must submit its plan to address ACCJC's final evaluation report recommendations by October 15, 2012.

Sunday, February 19, 2017

Supremes Enter Healthcare Tug-Of-War

Originally Published March 22, 2012; Last Updated February 19, 2017; Last Republished February 19, 2017:

For reasons that are not immediately apparent our Supreme Court has elected to enter the politically charged healthcare tug-of-war—perhaps as referee for divergent lower court decisions?


It's difficult to imagine a more compelling federal purpose than Congress providing for the welfare of all our citizens by ensuring they are afforded systematic, effective, and competent healthcare.

Amazingly, providing healthcare for all our citizens has proved contentious—less than when Congress established our First Bank of the United States, which promptly assumed the Revolutionary War debts owed by the individual states1.

Res:

UPDATED 06/25/2015 SC King et al. v. Burwell, Secretary of Health and Human Services, et al. (pdf, slip opinion)
SC, Department of Health and Human Services, et al., Petitioners v. Florida, et al.

Web:

UPDATED 02/19/2017 NYT, Republican Health Proposal Would Redirect Money From Poor to Rich

The House Republican's healthcare ad nauseam mantra of "repeal and replace" has morphed to a "repeal and redirect" mantra, which would redirect the healthcare benefits of our Affordable Care Act from our poor to our rich! Who could have predicted that!?
UPDATED 01/23/2017 Reuters, Trump order paves way for agencies to weaken health law

How is this first presidential action (ExecOrder) of our "new" alt-white-house going to provide cheaper, better healthcare, without gaps in coverage for all Americans?

UPDATED 01/18/2017 WP, How the Republican Plans to Replace Obamacare Could Affect You
UPDATED 01/06/2017 Reuters, Pence says repealing Obamacare 'first order of business' and CNBC, Nancy Pelosi: We Had 3 Goals For Obamacare and CNN, Biden to GOP: Go ahead, repeal Obamacare and WH, President Barack Obama interview with Ezra Klein and Sarah Kliff about Obamacare

Repealing healthcare for our citizenry is at cross-purpose with America's long-term economic growth expectations. These expectations are most easily understood with reference to economic productivity or real gross domestic product (GDP) per hour worked. Absent automation and robots healthy citizens of all color and creed, including immigrants will generate that GDP—the healthier, happier, longer living and productive our citizenry the better!

It's likely that providing healthcare to all our citizenry will add more to our long-term real GDP growth than any other single public-private action and perhaps all public-private actions combined (a close second will likely be mitigating the many negative impacts of the unprecedented magnitudes of our inequality metric measures4)?

Pence would do well to adopt to the objectives of his running mate with respect to healthcare for all our citizenry, "...we're not going to have a two-day period...where there's nothing...it'll be great healthcare for much less money..." and former House Speaker Nancy Pelosi:

 

 

President Obama, your being very generous with your "Republican-friends'" cruelly cynical repeal-delay-replace political tactical strategy. Your "Republican-friends" are likely intending to rerun their opposition to Obamacare, which has worked for them so well to date, during the 2018 congressional elections

One might think your cruelly cynical "Republican-friends" hope to keep the House and gain a filibuster-proof Senate in 2018 so they can simply repeal healthcare (i.e. ignore their delayed promise to replace), without political penalty.

Wonder why our citizenry hold our politicians in such low regard or complete disregard, disdain, and disgust? If our citizenry had to associate with your "Republican-friends" they'd embrace their enemies—oh!, wait they just embraced one...he's now their president-elect!

UPDATED 09/29/2016 HHS, Every Income Group Experienced Significant and Similar Drops in Uninsured Rates Under the Affordable Care Act and Urban, What if More States Expanded Medicaid in 2017? Changes in Eligibility, Enrollment, and the Uninsured (pdf)
UPDATED 09/15/2016 UCTV, Health and The Supreme Court: 2016 Year in Review


Mostly reviews the case(s) reversing the religious wackos from Texas attempts to impede a women's control of their own bodies and healthcare.

UPDATED 06/25/2015 Reuters, U.S. top court backs Obamacare, president says it's here to stay
UPDATED 07/22/2014 Reuters, U.S. court rulings create new uncertainty over Obamacare

Jacqueline Halbig, et al., V. Sylvia Mathews Burwell, In Her Official Capacity As U.S. Secretary Of Health And Human Services, et al., Decided July 22, 2014, No. 14-5018 is pedantry in pursuit of politics.

The opinion is likely to be read as contributing more to the categories of fear, uncertainty and distraction than common sense construction aimed at preserving the historic purpose of our Affordable Care Act (i.e. provide every American citizen with affordable and comprehensive healthcare).

UPDATED 07/04/2014 NYT, Birth Control Order Deepens Divide Among Justices

Wow, that didn't take long for our Supreme Court to generate more zaniness—not even a Court opinion.

Just a stay of a lower court decision while the Supremes figure out whether yet another religious organization person can assert that their God forbids them from submitting a government form stating that their God forbids them from providing female employees with reproductive healthcare!

Hey, on the positive side our religious organizations persons aren't dragging women to a public square for shamming, dunking, flogging or killing—how's that for speedily enlightened national progress?

Happy 238th birthday America!

UPDATED 07/01/2014 Burwell, Secretary Of Health and Human Services, Et al. V. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., Et al.

More legal mischief created by the "corporation as person" fallacy3, which glides through the bizarre and sublime in to the zany.

It's unclear what impact the amazingly narrowly tailored opinion will have on providing equal healthcare to our women. Health and Human Services (HHS) and our President should accept the Court's invitation to use alternative methods to ensure all our women have unimpeded access to complete reproductive healthcare independent of any entities' public or private religious beliefs.

The Court's stated objective of judging a religious practitioner's sincerity independent of whether their religious beliefs are reasonable or mistaken will no doubt guarantee more zaniness in future court opinions.

UPDATED 06/28/2012 US Opinion, National Federation Of Independent Business et al. V. Sebelius, Secretary Of Health And Human Services, et al.

U.S. Supreme Court rightly stretches to save the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act—its detractors discuss their next destructive move.

More after studying this historic, necessary and fascinating decision—its most significant implications and impacts may have nothing to to with healthcare!

UPDATED 04/06/2012 Thomson Reuters, Analysis: Justice Kagan--Giving liberals a rhetorical lift

UPDATED 03/29/2012 Thomson Reuters, Analysis-Chief Justice Roberts: Man in middle is man of the moment and NYT Op-Ed, Broccoli and Bad Faith


UPDATED 03/27/2012 ProPublica, What’s at Stake in the Supreme Court’s Health Care Decisions Provides a handy yes-no decision flowchart for the question presented.

Understandably, some of our "laissez faire" justices seemed to conflate market entry with market function and were puzzled that our government has the ability to compel entry into the healthcare market.

If you are equally puzzled query whether our government has, can and would compel individuals to enter the healthcare system (market) if they were: radioactive; carrier of Ebola or other Class IV pathogen; or even a non Class IV pathogen like tuberculosis? (Justice Breyer pursued this line of questioning)

Now assume our explosive field of biochemistry serendipitously discovers that broccoli can treat any or all of the above illnesses. Then our government can and would compel individuals to enter the food market, too—even the most religious or broccoli phobic of our sitting Supreme Court justices!

Compelling second session question from Justice Kagan @ ~1:10:00 on hearing distinction between insurance and healthcare markets:
"...Doesen't that seem a little bit, Mr. Clement, cutting the baloney thin..."?
On market function it seems useful to note that it's very difficult or impossible for individual states to establish separate healthcare markets that operate efficiently—they would need to impermissibly restrict interstate travel or face market collapse as the uninsured seeking healthcare flowed into the state.

A "laissez faire" proponent will tend to slice the baloney nanoscale thin before acknowledging the obvious, that real world markets can and do regularly fail. Often citing prior market interventions as the reason for current market failure—you need look no further than the recent catastrophic collapse of the mortgage market—the failure was caused by to those seeking to provide affordable housing, according to our laissez faire proponents.

If our states cannot individually construct and operate efficient markets then you simultaneously implicate the commerce clause and delimit the "broccoli conjecture"2 articulated and repeated by some of the justices.

UPDATED 03/25/2012 Thomson Reuters,  The Supreme Court tackles health care reform: What's at stake for U.S. businesses Summary by Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom


NYT,  Affordable Healthcare Act
Thomson Reuters, Factbox: Health benefits Americans may lose in court ruling


-----notes-----

1. Had Florida et al. been states in 1790-91 they no doubt would have filed a federal complaint arguing that our Constitution prohibited the nascent central bank from assuming any Revolutionary War debt!

2. The "broccoli conjecture" guesses that if our federal government requires Americans to form a single risk pool for the purpose of diversify healthcare risks then our Supreme Court is unable to delimit a federal government requirement that Americans purchase broccoli.

Unfortunately, we have learned to accept this type of conjecture from our Sunday school teachers—must we also learn to accept it from our Supreme Court justices?

UPDATED 06/14/2012 An interesting article tracing origins of the "broccoli conjecture"—no thinking necessary.

3. A corporate container is typically utilized to insulate its beneficiaries, apparently exempting a beneficiary's religious requirements or beliefs.

 The Court does not explain how a corporate container transmogrifies a beneficiary's religious beliefs—perhaps just another fiction fallacy more typically found in Bible stories than legal opinions?

4. An added benefit of providing healthcare to all our citizenry is a reduction of our unprecedented economic inequality.

Saturday, February 18, 2017

Alt-White-House More Than Illegitimate It's Violating Our Constituti

Why Trump’s policies will increase terrorism—and why Trump might benefit as a result
Our “new” alt-white-house is more than illegitimate2 it's violating our Constitution, so says lawsuit, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, Plaintiff v. Donald J. Trump in His Official Capacity as The President of the United States of America, filed by CREW.
Independence Hall

Res:


Constitute Project

Web:

UPDATED 02/22/2017 Ted, Nationalism vs. Globalism: the New Political Divide | Yuval Noah Harari
"...fake news have [sic] been with us for thousands of years, just think of the Bible..."

It's not necessary or even desirable to comprehensively understand and define a problem(s) before acting to mitigate, or end it.

UPDATED 02/21/2017 NYT, A Back-Channel Plan for Ukraine and Russia, Courtesy of Trump Associates and BloombergView, WHITE HOUSE Trump Can't Seem to Shake Those Russia Problems One suspects we ain't seen nothing yet!?


UPDATED 02/18/2017 AP, AP Exclusive: DHS weighed Nat Guard for immigration roundups and DocCloud, Trump National Guard Draft Memo and BBC, 'Enemies of the people': Trump remark echoes history's worst tyrants

Hey Congress et al., how we doing on the inquires, processes, and procedures required to "repeal and replace"... our "new" alt-white-house?

UPDATED 02/17/2017 AP, Trump says White House 'fine-tuned machine,' Despite Turmoil and NYT, President Donald Trump Holds Press Conference | The New York Times and Bloomberg, Varoufakis Finds Trump's Economic Policy 'Incoherent'

Volkswagen must have written the software that reports our "new" alt-white-house "is running like a fine tuned machine"! Unfortunately, the damage inflicted by our "new" alt-white-house will likely exceed $18-20 billion by a large margin.

 
"Fine Tuned Machine" Comment Starts @ ~ 11:29
Written Transcript Courtesy BBC

It's not just the economic policies of our "new alt-white-house, which are incoherent. The entire administration is demonstrating a disjointed incapacity to formulate any coherent policy!

UPDATED 02/16/2017 Reuters, U.S. lawmakers Push for Answers on Trump Team's Russia Ties and  UPDATED 02/15/2017 NYT, Trump Campaign Aides Had Repeated Contacts With Russian Intelligence

A legal inquiry into annulling the 2016 Presidential Election should go ahead in parallel with all senate and special inquiries into illegal Presidential 2016 election electioneering.

Does a presidential candidate winning the popular vote obviate the need to rerun the 2016 Presidential Election? Or invoke the 12th Amendment? Or involve the House and Senate? (i.e. a presidential candidate winning the popular vote is the 45th president of the United States of America)?

UPDATED 02/16/2017 Time, Inside Donald Trump's White House Chaos and UPDATED 02/11/2017 Time, Legal Scholars: Why Congress Should Impeach Donald Trump


After just 23 days5 our "new" alt-white-house's figurative anal sphincter is cutting off the oxygen supply to its "so-called" brains. The crash cart is rolling in response to a code blue and life support equipment is on standby if required to keep the corpse alive while supporters decide whether to pull the plug.

 


 

UPDATED 02/02/2017 Mirror, Donald Trump threatens to "straighten out" the world in chilling speech to religious leaders

Our “new” alt-white-house tells our citizenry not to worry about "tough phone calls with foreign leader, as global tensions escalate.


“When you hear about the tough phone conversations I’m having, don’t worry about it. Just don’t worry about it. They’re tough. We have to be tough. It’s time we’re gonna be a little tough, folks.” --FT, 02/02/2017--

The “new” alt-white-house's Jim Jonesesque speech at this morning's National Prayer Breakfast is truly disquieting:


Huh..., can we begin impeachment proceedings now (a nascent effort) or must we await the shame, embarrassment, and damage to accumulate beyond repair?

Even the billionaire's are beginning to feel a chill:


UPDATED 02/02/2017 Atlantic, Scientists Open Their Labs to Colleagues Stranded by Trump’s Immigration Ban

UPDATED 01/30/2017 HooverInstitute, Trump’s Immigration Insanity and Brookings, Why Trump’s policies will increase terrorism—and why Trump might benefit as a result

UPDATED 01/29/2017 UPDATED 02/04/2017 ACLU, Darweesh v. Trump, Decision and Order (granting injunction) Hill, ACLU Sues White House Over Immigration Ban and ACLU, ACLU and Other Groups Challenge Trump Immigration Ban After Refugees Detained at Airports Following Executive Order and United States District Court for The Eastern District Of New York and Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus and Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief and Reuters, Trump Immigrant Curbs Cause Chaos, Panic, Anger Worldwide and Reuters, Iran Says to Ban U.S. Visitors in Retaliation to Trump Move and BBC, Trump Executive Order Prompts Google to Recall Staff1

Is our "new" alt-white-house already portending or pretending a clownish authoritarianism and admixture of delusional totalitarianism?


Huh..., can we begin impeachment proceedings now (a nascent effort) or must we await the shame, embarrassment, and damage to accumulate beyond repair?

NYT, Borders Reopen to Banned Visa Holders; Trump Attacks Judge and Hill, Bush-appointed Judge Halts Trump Travel Ban Nationwide and MoJo, Donald Trump Just Attacked Another Judge and Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, State of Washington & State of Minnesota v. Trump C17-0141JLR and Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Judges in Order of Seniority and UPDATED 02/07/2017 Ninth Circuit, Order Regarding Live Streaming of the Oral Argument and UPDATED 02/09/2017 Ninth Circuit, Published Order Denying Stay

 
Teleconference Oral Arguments schedule @ 3PM Feb 07, 2017 and Hilarious SNL Skit

Who would have predicted that our "new" alt-white-house could and would both belittle or praise our federal judges depending on their implementation of its pogrom program?

UPDATED 01/24/2017 WSJ, Trump and the New Era of Trade Policy
How will practices, which:
  • isolate; or 
  • withdraw; or 
  • bully businesses3
  • or strong-arm allies; 
  • or distort comparative advantages; or 
  • reverse technological frontiers; or 
  • threaten "gunboat diplomacy"
enhance America's leadership1?


UPDATED 01/23/2017 Reuters, PRESS DIGEST - Wall Street Journal - Jan 23 and NYT, Intercepted Russian Communications Part of Inquiry Into Trump Associates

"Counter-intelligence agents have investigated communications that President Trump's national security adviser Michael Flynn had with Russian officials."


Wow, does this mean our “new” alt-white-house will have to borrow Chancellor Merkel's mobile if it wants any privacy?
 

UPDATED 01/23/2017 Vox, Donald Trump's conflicts of interest span the globe


CREW, Crew Sues Trump Over Emoluments


-----notes------

1. Our “new” alt-white-house uses the phrase "make America great again" whatever that means? Nevertheless, one wonders how its practices are going to reverse its dystopian perception of America (Inaugural Address) and "make America great again"?

2. All current confirmation hearings should begin with a warning that our “new” alt-white-house is under active investigation by U.S. intelligence and law enforcement agencies, which may result in the Presidential Election of 2016 being annulled for improper and illegal conduct!

3. UPDATED 02/01/2017  Those seeking to launch our nation on McCarthy-like hunts for chimera "terrorists" must understand the harm such hysterically fueled witch hunts can inflict (e.g. Google key employees leave for Baidu (百度)).

Our “new” alt-white-house must account with real data (as opposed to alt-data, invented-data, imaginary-data, false-data, or fictive-data etc.) for its current immigrant intercept program (i.e. how many terrorists versus doctors, engineers, scholars, mathematicians, biologists, physicists etc. it intercepts).

 

Our A “new” alt-white-house newspeak-spokesperson has indicated that of 325,000 persons arriving 109 were "inconvenienced" (CSPAN, White House Daily Briefing January 30, 2017 @~52Min). He did not say how many "terrorists" were among those 325,000 arrivals? But see AP FACT CHECK: Trump claims on travel ban misleading, wrong by Alicia A. Caldwell and UPDATED 02/07/2017 NYT, Fact Check: President Donald Trump’s Immigration Order | The New York Times


Our “new” alt-white-house and its newspeak-spokespersons so routinely publish misleading, fictive, false, invented, incorrect, or inaccurate information that one wonders whether it's running an intentional misinformation-disinformation campaign against our citizenry4, admittedly tiny and tyro when compared and contrasted with comrade Putin's or is it nemets Adamov's campaigns?!

Vox, How Should the Media Cover a [alt-white-house] White House That Isn't Afraid to Lie?

An alt-explanation is equally alarming; our “new” alt-white-house is just incompetent?! BostonGlobe, Disturbing Truths About Trump and His Team and EuroNews, Meet Steve Bannon, Trump's Front Man to Fight All Wars and Reuters, Highlights: The Trump Presidency on January 31 at 3:40 P.M. EST/2040 GMT and Reuters, Covering Trump the Reuters Way.

America didn't just send in the clowns we sent in the clowns' understudies, at least slightly less than half of America (see Reuters, Exclusive: Trump's Travel Ban Polarizes America - Reuters/Ipsos Poll)

4. UPDATED 02/22/2017 Democratic governments must counterbalance the periodic soft-power misinformation-disinformation campaigns of other mostly authoritarian nations (e.g. CarnegieEndowment, Vladimir Putin’s Political Meddling Revives Old KGB Tactics and WP, Russia’s Radical New Strategy for Information Warfare and EU Observer, British Spies to Help EU stop Russian Meddling and Telegraph, Russia has Made Fake News into a Weapon That Threatens Democracy in Europe and CNN, Tim Kaine: We're in the New Age of Information Warfare ... and We're Losing and YaleGlobalOnline, Empire by Other Means: Russia’s Strategy for the 21st Century) , but our government must never target our citizenry with misinformation-disinformation campaigns!

Listen to the shocking interview" recently (February 05, 2017) given by our “new” alt-white-house and aired just before Super Bowl Fifty-one, which uses a propagandist's favorite technique, the "false equivalency". When told by the interviewer that "Putin's a killer..." the interviewee responds by pointing out that ...a lot of killers...we've got a lot of killers, what do you think our country's [America] so innocent..."


The interview is full of misinformation and disinformation targeting a large audience. Some of the interviewee's responses are fact checked by PolitiFact, Fact-checking Donald Trump’s Super Bowl Interview.

How long before our "new" alt-white-house begins to inform us that "even if it's a lie it's true" or even if it's true it's a lie"?

5. An online clock showing the number of days our "new" alt-white house has existed without impeachment.



Originally Published January 23, 2017; Last Updated February 22, 2017; Last Republished February 18, 2017:

Friday, February 17, 2017

China Provokes US Hosing And Formal Protest

Originally Published March 10, 2009; Last Updated February 18, 2017; Last Republished February 17, 2017:

United States maritime surveillance ship USNS Impeccable (T-AGOS 23)1 was harassed by a handful of smaller Chinese ships while openly conducting operations in the South China Sea, approximately 75 nautical miles south of Hainan Island, China (aerial map). Operations were well outside China's 12 mile territorial waters as defined by United Nations Conventions on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).




The harassment is more indicative of pirates' behavior than what is expect from a professional PLA Navy and its sailors—at one point the Chinese ships blocked passage and pretended to ram (“playing chicken”) the USNS Impeccable.

The Chinese ship came within 75 25 yards feet3 of the USNS Impeccable, which responded by spraying the ships with its fire hoses. This is not the first time2 China has wrongfully asserted its territorial 12 mile rights within its 200 mile economic rights zone—within 12 mile the “right of transit” does not include surveillance and mapping rights—outside 12 miles the "right of transit" does include surveillance and mapping rights. In addition to the formal protest, these unnecessary provocations can be put on the agenda of the recently restarted China-American military-military talks and working group.

Res:

UPDATED 10/25/2016 Brookings, A Glass Half Full: The Rebalance, Reassurance, and Resolve in the U.S.-China Strategic Relationship

It's difficult to think of big power nations working hard together to complete a quality bilateral investment treaty as a relationship on a bad path. A multidimensional relationship that captivates, confounds, and challenges, sure, but that's not bad!

UPDATED 07/18/2016 SCSOrg, The South China Sea (a student-faculty collaborative project of Middlebury College)

An online resource for students, scholars and policy-makers interested in South China Sea regional development, environment, and security issues.

UPDATED 07/18/2016 PCA, The South China Sea Arbitration Award of 12 July 2016 and Wikipedia, Philippines v. China (aka SCS Arbitration)

Constructively and responsibly participating in today's global community and commons means nations must recognize, respect, and abide by awards and rulings of proper international tribunals. Referring to designated and recognized international tribunal proceedings as a "farce" (趣剧; qùjù) is to incrementally replace the rule of law with the rule of force.

 
Foreign Minister Wang Yi  and  HK Arbitration Centre ,Teresa Cheng

(also, NYT, Tribunal Rejects Beijing’s Claims in South China Sea and AP, Timeline: The China-Philippines South China Sea dispute and NYT, Topic, South China Sea and Wikipedia, Territorial disputes in the South China Sea)

UPDATED 03/19/2016 PCA, The Republic of Philippines v. The People's Republic of China
UPDATED 09/19/2015 UPI, RAND report: Chinese military could challenge U.S.
UPDATED 12/12/2013 Carnegie/Pew, U.S.-China Security Perceptions Project 2012 General Public Survey Data

Survey data are necessary (kudos to Carnegie/Pew) but insufficient to understand the first principles that lead to conflict avoidance.

It does not seem particularly novel for a survey to discover that a collection of individuals (nation) apply the cultural identity they learn. Unusual would be the survey that discovered a collection of individuals that assert they prefer applying a continually changing cosmopolitan cultural identity to an "exceptional cultural identity"!

Chinese military officers, at all levels (in addition to Chinese military scholars) must participate in future Carnegie/Pew US-China Security Perceptions Project surveys. Saluting expressions of "exceptionalism" will not produce the cosmopolitan changes required for close cooperation between China and America.

Our global problems are too ginormous to waste much time saluting reciprocal and meaningless expressions of "cultural exceptionalism" by either American or Chinese leaders!

UPDATED 01/29/2013 CRS, Maritime Territorial Disputes in East Asia, January 2013

Finally, claimants begin refining their claims for presentation before a formal UNCLOS tribunal—claims that unsurprisingly sound similar to claims made between acrimonious divorcees dividing up property of dubious valuation using tangled logic meaningful only to each individual divorcee asserting the claim.

YouTube:

UPDATED 02/17/2017 Vox, Why China is Building Islands in the South China Sea Summary of involved islands utilizing existing data.


UPDATED 12/15/2016 UCTV, Paul Pickowicz on China: What's Next for Washington?


UPDATED 11/29/2016 CSIS, China's Power: Up for Debate [other panels on long video]


Neither sea trade access nor the oft dreamed of mega-trillions of dollars in seabed resources are real issues of the South China Sea.

UPDATED 09/22/2016 CSIS, The Modern Origins of China's South China Sea Claim


Much of this presentation is subsumed in the speaker's interesting book: The South China Sea The Struggle for Power in Asia, Yale Press (2014).

UPDATED 09/06/2016 CCTV, Third Party Interference in South China Sea Disputes Hampers Settlement, Says Putin

There is nothing novel about an authoritarian bully-nation expressing support for another authoritarian bully-nation's bullying. What's novel is a global community's willingness to immediately and progressively begin isolating (physically and economically) bullies before they become a menace.


UPDATED 08/16/2016 CCTV, Meeting on South China Sea: Asian diplomats discuss DOC implementation


UPDATED 07/15/2016 CSIS, Sixth Annual CSIS South China Sea Conference  Unfortunately, the CSIS channel moderator segmented the complete (7+ hours) conference video without creating a playlist, so you'll have to search and play individual segments.


Our nation must become a party (ratify) to UNCLOS:
"If we're truly concerned about China's actions in the South China Sea ... the Senate should help strengthen our case by approving the Law of the Sea convention, as our military leaders have urged," Obama said in a commencement speech to the U.S. Air Force Academy." VOA dated June 06, 2106
There are a diminishing number zealous ideologues in our Senate (maybe fewer after the next general election), which zealously believe becoming a party to any and all (not just UNCLOS) international agreements harms our nation.

These zealots often mistakenly conflate use of force with leadership and often substitute slogans for substantive reasoning or analysis, too.

UPDATED 07/01/2016 CSIS, The South China Sea Arbitration


UPDATED 06/18/2016 CCTV, FAQ: How will China resolve the South China Sea disputes? and CCTV, China's Defense Ministry confirms Chinese ship sails through Tokara Strait (Wikimapia, Area Around Kagoshima, Japan)

 

UPDATED 06/04/2016 PNews, Ash Carter with Defense Minister Ng Eng Hen of Singapore News Conference at the Asia Security Summit and IISS, Meeting Asia’s complex security challenges - Highlights from Ashton Carter's address

 

UPDATED 05/27/2016 Reuters, G7 fret over global growth prospects and Reuters, UPDATE 1-China says extremely dissatisfied with G7 statement on South China Sea

Asserting that unobstructed access to all international waters, including the East and South China Seas has nothing to do with global economics is like asserting that China's Yi minority children have a path to and from school.


Constructing stairs, which facilitates education will likely be more useful than constructing islands!

UPDATED 05/25/2016 YouTube IISS, Perspectives on the South China Sea: Ambassador Liu Xiaoming


UPDATED 05/11/2016 YouTube CCTV, China expresses indignation over US intrusion and Reuters, China scrambles fighters as U.S. sails warship near Chinese-claimed reef and CFR, Armed Clash in the South China Sea and Xinhua, China warns Philippines against "blackmailing" on South China Sea

No, the United States does not need more naval assets to counter China's current maritime assertions. Yes, a naval incident is likely before China and the United States learn to play nice on the South and East China Sea playground.

It's encouraging both nations are citing UNCLOS, if somewhat selectively (China denies UNCLOS jurisdiction and the United States refuses to sign ratify UNCLOS) to support their playground (mis)behavior.

Pass out plenty of Kleenex and enjoy each nation's jeremiads, which you've heard ad nauseam before.

UPDATED 05/02/2016 YouTube, CrossTalk: Bullhorns in the Bullpens


Russia perspective. These are the games nations have played for decades to justify their billions spent on costly weapons systems.

We're just more connected and demanding more transparency from our governments these days so we hear about the “close calls” and periodic confrontations and collisions.  It’s just like children bullying each other on the playground and blaming the other, but with more deadly weapons.

It's important that economic sanctions be immediately, progressively, and continuously imposed on all unilaterally aggressive nations until every nations is convinced that unilateral aggression will bring only a certainty of international isolation and ruinous economic decline.

UPDATED 04/26/2016 YouTubeCBS, Obama on challenges posed by North Korea, China


It seems useful to clarify that China likely views itself as emulating the globally hegemonic United States, which is perceived by some as a big kid quite capable of ignoring inconvenient international norms, customs, and law in pursuit of its national interests.

Stated differently, a global hegemon cannot effectively rely on the adage "do what I say, not as I do" and expect other nations to acquiesce or follow!

UPDATED 02/23/2016 CSPAN, Robert Daly talked about U.S.-Chinese relations in light of China’s military deployments in the South China Sea

UPDATED 10/11/2011 TheMarines' Memorial Club, George P. Shultz Lecture Series hosts speaker Admiral Robert F. Willard talking on “Protecting the Commons: Security Opportunities and Challenges in the Asia-Pacific" (view post talk question and answer video).



Admiral Willard has been appearing in a variety of forums talking on the challenges presented by our fast evolving global commons. Challenges that will require nations to jettison their obsolete confrontational models in favor of cooperative models, which by definition will require novel and heterodox thinking.

UPDATED 02/13/2011 The South China Sea: Troubled Waters Much of the dialog in this video has been overcome or altered by subsequent events, most notably President Hu Jintao's recent United States visit.


It seems useful to note that a young United States has also intervened to prevent modern China's dismemberment.

Web:

UPDATED 02/18/2017 WP, China suspends North Korean Coal Imports, Striking at Regime’s Financial Lifeline
UPDATED 12/14/2016 Reuters, Exclusive: China installs weapons systems on artificial islands - U.S. think tank
UPDATED 12/02/2016 ChinaDaily,Ties at key point, Xi tells Kissinger and WP, Xi tells Kissinger China wants ‘stable’ progress with US and NYT, Ditto WP article


Continuous trusted and transparent Track II efforts will be enormously important to the China-U.S relationship over the next several years.

UPDATED 11/04/2016 RandBlog, South Korea Cracks Down on Illegal Chinese Fishing, with Violent Results
UPDATED 10/27/2016 CCTV, Chinese Naval Fleet Visits Vietnam to Boost Naval Ties


UPDATED 10/21/2016 Xinhua, Full Text: Joint Statement of China and the Philippines
UPDATED 10/12/2016 PDEnglish, Experts propose China and U.S. set up crisis management mechanism for South China Sea and National Institute for South China Sea Studies (English)

Rules based military management mechanisms now exists for avoiding unintended armed skirmishes in the East and South China Sea. Nations that want to change these rules must do so using responsible and persuasive arguments, which attracts a global consensus.

There is a vast difference between nations, which build aircraft carriers to enforce consensus rules and those building aircraft carries believing they can be used to change the rules. One is a stabilizing leader the other a destabilizing wannabe thug!


Many nations are cheering for China's responsible, peaceful, and harmonious (i.e. not coercive and confrontational) rise, but will oppose thuggery.


UPDATED 10/04/2016 Reuters, Philippine leader tells Obama 'go to hell', says can buy arms from Russia, China

The interests of the Filipino people and Philippines is not well represented by a Machiavellian leader's public displays of Hugo Chavez or Donald Trump like mental meltdowns.

UPDATED 09/30/2016 USNI, Experts Advocate Harder Stance Against Illegal Claims In South China Sea


UPDATED 09/20/2016 RAND, The Crucial South China Sea Ruling No One Is Talking About and Diplomat, Japan Set to Intensify South China Sea Involvement

The diplomats responsible for resolving Asia-Pacific regional hegemonic claims are talking aplenty about the ruling.


The good news is that both China and Japan et al. are keenly aware that regional hegemonic disputes require diplomatic solutions for the Asia-Pacific to continue its remarkably prosperous progress.

UPDATED 09/19/2016 CSIS, PacForum, US-China Relations: Friction and Cooperation Advance Simultaneously Bonnie Glaser

Cooperative friction is a good thing, provided its heat is directed for the benefit and stability of the Asia-Pacific region and global community.

UPDATED 09/15/2016 WP, How Google is helping to crack down on illegal fishing — from space and GFW, Global Fishing Watch (reqs. no out-of-pocket cost reg.)
UPDATED 09/12/2016 ThomsonReutersTrust, China, Russia naval drill in S.China Sea to begin Monday
UPDATED 09/08/2016 UN NewsCentre, At East Asia Summit, Ban expresses concern over tensions on Korean Peninsula and in South China Sea and  UN NewsCentre, At ASEAN-UN Summit, Ban highlights complementarity between world and regional bodies on sustainable development

President Obama Press Conference, Asia Pacific Issues

UPDATED 08/12/2016 CSIS, Updated Photos for South China Sea Fiery Cross, Subi and Mischief Reefs Showing Recently Built China Structures


UPDATED 08/09/2016 AP/NYT, US Says More Military Transparency Needed in South China Sea and JT, U.S. Navy ship makes first China visit since South China Sea arbitration ruling


UPDATED 07/28/2016 CIMSEC, South China Sea Week
UPDATED 07/25/2016 WP, Obama aide visits China after South China Sea ruling
UPDATED 07/18/2016 USCC, China’s Island Building in the South China Sea: Damage to the Marine Environment, Implications, and International Law (pdf)
Sixth Annual CSIS South China Sea Conference: The Environmental Question

UPDATED 07/18/2016 Reuters, Freedom of navigation patrols may end 'in disaster': Chinese admiral

Daniel J. Kritenbrink, Senior Director for Asian Affairs National Security Council

Hey, if China and United States (and others) continue uncontrollably spewing hydrocarbons into our atmosphere (UPDATED 07/25/2016 SA, Can Chemists Turn Pollution into Gold? and carbonXprize competition) land reclamation, map making and military skills could come in handy?

UPDATED 07/11/2016 CarnegieEndow, A Chance to De-escalate South China Sea Tensions

Swaine's statement, almost three years old is still valid and trust building progress is positive, however incrementally slow!

UPDATED 07/06/2016 FP, Beijing Takes its South China Sea PR Campaign to Washington
UPDATED 07/05/2016 WilCenter, The Month in U.S.-China Relations 中美关系一个月 (June 2016)
UPDATED 06/30/2016 ABA Standing Committee on Law and National Security Breakfast Program Podcasts: JAG, Vice Admiral James W. Crawford, Freedom of Global Navigation Under Threat

UPDATED 06/08/2016 WilCenter, The Month in U.S.-China Relations 中美关系一个月 (May 2016)
UPDATED 06/04/2016 IISS, The IISS Shangri-La Dialogue, 15th Asia Security Summit
UPDATED 05/31/2016 NYT, The South China Sea Dispute: Beijing’s View
UPDATED 05/23/2016 WH, President Obama and President Quang and Xinhua, Russia unfazed by U.S. lifting embargo on arms sales to Vietnam: official (not sure why China is reporting Russia is unfazed?) and Xinhua, Interview: Negotiation better than tribunal for settling South China Sea disputes: legal expert

South China Sea and FON at approximately 18:00

UPDATED 05/17/2016 PM, Beijing Enraged by Pentagon's New Report on China's Military Includes link to annual report,  Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2016 

UPDATED 05/17/2016 FP, Freedom of Navigation Operations in the South China Sea Aren’t Enough "Tit for tat" is not a foreign policy, diplomatic requirement or generally useful and effective.

UPDATED 05/12//2106 WilCenter, The Month in U.S.-China Relations 中美关系一个月(April 2016)

UPDATED 04/30/2016 EconomicTimes, Xi Jinping reasserts China's sovereignty over South China Sea

There is a big difference between China stating it will safeguarding sovereignty "in" the South China Sea and the headline "over" the South China Sea.

UPDATED 04/28/2016 Bloomberg, Chinese Navy in South China Sea Draws U.S. Admiral's Praise
UPDATED 04/25/2016 Guardian, Chinese military plane lands on disputed South China Sea island and Reuters, U.S. to give Philippines eye in sky to track South China Sea activity and DailyMail, US Navy developing fleet of drone ‘mother submarines’ that can release smaller robots to lay mines or launch missiles to counter China threat 

UPDATED 04/15/2016 Reuters, U.S. defense secretary visits carrier in disputed South China Sea and 9NewsAu, PM raises South China Sea with president and USNI, New Maritime Awareness Project Kicks Off With South China Sea Discussion

An international maritime awareness project is a welcomed alternative to kinetic methods (i.e. sinking each others vessels) of (re)acquainting nations with maritime domain awareness.

UPDATED 04/11/2016 Bloomberg, U.S. Seeks to Put South China Sea on Table at G-7 Meeting and EuropeOnline, China warns G7 nations not to «hype» South China Sea disputes and Australian, China security flashpoints cloud biggest business delegation

Not only must the East and South China Seas increased tension be on the Hiroshima-G-7 agenda, any joint statement must make clear that no nation is "too big" to impose economic sanctions on, including the United States.

UPDATED 03/28/2016 EAF, What Australia’s stance on the South China Sea means for Southeast Asia
UPDATED 03/23/2016 ASPI, China: courting disaster in South China Sea and Diplomat, China and the Freedom of Navigation and Reuters, Australia calls China's South China Sea moves 'counterproductive' and JT, Former U.S. Navy head [Greenert] backs freedom of navigation operations with Japan and CMO, Australian scholar: U.S. lies in South China Sea

UPDATED 03/22/2016 NewsAsia, Australia to continue sending ships, planes to disputed South China Sea and WP, These are the new U.S. military bases near the South China Sea. China isn’t impressed and Xinhua, China slams U.S., Philippine military deployment in South China Sea and Reuters, China says U.S.-Philippines base deal raises questions and MilTimes, The U.S. military is moving into these 5 bases in the Philippines and Diplomat, China’s Maritime Expansion: Contradictory Threat Analyses from the US Government? and CSIS, PacNet #29 - Obama’s recent China policy – more resolve, rising tension

Militarization of the East and South China Seas requires a combination of daftness, duplicitousness, deafness, deceptiveness, daringness, and dominance, which cooperating and collaborating nations are unlikely to long tolerate.

UPDATED 03/21/2016 Reuters, Indonesia says it feels peace efforts on South China Sea 'sabotaged'
UPDATED 03/18/2016 Reuters, RPT--Malaysia, Australia to discuss China moves in disputed South China Sea and WP, How China’s premier survived a two-hour news conference without answering a single hard question and StarsStripes, Chinese premier strikes mild tone on regional disputes and GR, Militarization and US-China Confrontation in the South China Sea and ET, US-China relationship will be complex: Ashton Carter

More international diplomats, please! If China's domestic economic waves begin to rival South China Sea waves it will not benefit the international community or global economy for the United States military to become a Chinese Communist Party "whipping boy".

UPDATED 03/04/2016 CBS, China returns fire at U.S. as war-of-words escalates

It's important that our reputable news media outlets avoid sensational and inaccurate headlines. China did not "return fire"—its spokeswoman ham handedly articulated China's version of, it's the United States' that has militarized "our" South China Sea.

Patient, persistent, and principled diplomacy is not as sensational as turning a few sandcastle radar reclamation installations into a "firefight", but it will likely achieve preferable solutions and relationships.

Wonder when our reputable media outlets will learn to routinely contribute? As an aside if China and the US continue burning fossil fuel at current rates more than sea rock radars will become submerged sandcastles.

(see WP, Navy aircraft carrier group moves into contested South China Sea and CPF, Great Green Fleet Operates in the South China Sea)


UPDATED 02/29/2016 USNI, PACOM Harris: U.S. Would Ignore A ‘Destabilizing’ Chinese South China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone

“Let’s give China a chance here and see if they’ll opt for a more stabilizing less tense situation or whether they’ll opt to be a provocative and destabilizing influence,” --Admiral Harris, PacCom--

UPDATED 02/22/2016 WP, Satellite images show China may be building powerful radar on disputed islands
UPDATED 02/18/2016 WP, Suspected Chinese missile [HQ-9] BBC, Deployed on South China Sea Woody Island (Paracel Islands) (Wikipedia, Woody Island) and Reuters, U.S. expects 'very serious' talks with China after missile reports

UPDATED 01/29/2016 Xinhau, U.S. commander's comments on South China Sea "lack historical common sense": Chinese DM spokesperson

China's multi-thousand years history as a "Middle-Kingdom" will not be easily abandoned. Such notions are as obsolete as the equally bizarre notion popularly asserted by nations that their behavior (usually thuggish, boorish, regressive, oppressive, coercive etc.) is "purely or strictly their internal matter".

Neither notions (among others) are viable for any modern nation state desirous of effectively and constructively participating in our global economy.

UPDATED 01/24/2016 Reuters, China taking 'self-isolating' steps in South China Sea: Pentagon
UPDATED 12/19/2015 NPR, U.S. Bomber's Flight A 'Serious Military Provocation,' China Says
and Xinhua, U.S. flight near islands "serious military provocation": Chinese defense ministry
and Reuters, U.S. studying Chinese complaint that B-52 flew near man-made island
and UPI, China accuses U.S. of 'serious military provocation' for flying bomber near disputed islands

Like a child reporting their playground provocations—you only get half-a-report. Provocation would be landing a bomber on the internationally disputed territory airstrip!


UPDATED 11/16/2015 UPI, U.S. holding joint naval exercises with China despite South China Sea tensions

UPDATED 10/27/2015 WP, China says U.S. naval destroyer sailing close to Chinese-built island damages peace and stability and Xinhau, China warns U.S. of "eventualities" in South China Sea and Guardian, Beijing summons US ambassador over warship in South China Sea
UPDATED 10/15/2015 Reuters, Sailing in South China Sea not provocative, U.S. says Entering international waters in the South China Sea towing seabed levelers would be provocative.

UPDATED 09/16/2015 Reuters, China appears to be working on third airstrip on disputed South China Sea islets: expert and DefenseOne, Defiant Chinese Admiral’s Message: South China Sea ‘Belongs to China’

...and other nation assert it belongs to them...now what Vice Admiral Yuan Yubai?
UPDATED 07/28/2015 Diplomat,Beijing’s South China Sea Rhetoric Is Fooling No OneUPDATED 06/24/2015 FP, Beijing’s Master Plan for the South China Sea (sometimes walled) and Diplomat, The Problems With China's Foreign Policy Bureaucracy (OBOR related)
UPDATED 05/28/2015 Telegraph, China's army plays down South China Sea island-building and UPI, China publicly defends Spratly Islands as sovereign territory

There's a "night and day" difference between building infrastructure projects on the undisputed China mainland and unilaterally constructing land reclamation projects in disputed international waters.

Maybe, PLAN will help PLA understand these clear and critical "night and day" distinctions?

Of course, it's possible that the PLA understand these clear and critical "night and day" distinctions and has decided to implement a Chinese bullying and building land reclamation project in international waters?

UPDATED 04/22/2014 Xinhua, Regional [14th Western Pacific ] naval symposium opens in [ Qingdoa] China Incremental progress on at sea common communication methods and signals (Reuters).

UPDATED 03/31/2014 ThomsonReutersTrust, China summons Manila envoy over South China Sea legal case and Sina, China's reasons for refusing arbitration on S. China Sea issue

It's difficult to reconcile China's rhetorical refusal to apply international law arbitration dispute resolution processes with its demand for peace and stability.

Of course China is not the only state to express a schizophrenic pursuit of peace and stability while simultaneously castigating and contravening rule of law concepts (e.g. current Russia-U.S.-Ukraine dispute and U.S. refusal to ratify Law of Sea Conventions etc.).

Those interested in South China Sea maps (exclusive or inclusive of disputes:) might enjoy a fun read entitled, Mr. Selden's map of China : decoding the secrets of a vanished cartographer.

UPDATED 02/07/2014 CDT,  U.S. Weighs In on South and East China Sea Disputes
UPDATED 11/30/2013 U.S. State, China's Declared ADIZ - Guidance for U.S. Air Carriers

Kudos to State—we're not required to respond with force, violence, countermands or even interest to delegitimize another nation's unreasonable, unilateral, stupid or crazy actions (e.g. scrambling jets every time an aircraft enters an arbitrarily drawn or declared polyhedron over the China Sea).
Question Taken at the November 27, 2013 State Department Daily Press Briefing
Question: Is there any specific guidance or information we are giving to U.S. carriers operating in China's recently declared Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ)?

Answer: Freedom of overflight and other internationally lawful uses of sea and airspace are essential to prosperity, stability, and security in the Pacific. We remain deeply concerned by China's November 23 declaration of an "East China Sea Air Identification Zone."

The U.S. government generally expects that U.S. carriers operating internationally will operate consistent with NOTAMs (Notices to Airmen) issued by foreign countries. Our expectation of operations by U.S. carriers consistent with NOTAMs does not indicate U.S. government acceptance of China's requirements for operating in the newly declared ADIZ.
Who cares if China decides to arbitrarily draw and declare polyhedrons over all the world's oceans, then scrambles jets or issues press releases every time a bird flies into their arbitrarily drawn polyhedrons (preferably, issues press releases, which are less polluting than scrambling jets)?

UPDATED 11/26/2013 WP, U.S. flies two warplanes over East China Sea, ignoring new Chinese air defense zone and CSM, China: American B-52 bombers crossed through airspace claimed by China: Why?

Kudos to both nations for continuing to dialog while they challenge, bully and provoke each other to an equilibrium—the dialog should include the procedures that will be implemented when injury occurs.

It's disappointing, disgusting and childish that nations still challenge, bully and provoke each other in this manner—such is our "progress" over thousands of years!

UPDATED 11/20/2013 Reuters, China hospital ship to set sail for Philippine typhoon zone

China learns, the "hard way" that ascending "major powers" with "big navies" must do more than pose and posture—they must perform and pay, too!

UPDATED 11/12/2013 NYT, A Game of Shark And Minnow Nice short summary of disputes, including useful maps and beautiful images.
UPDATED 08/22/2013 CSIS, Engagement in the Indo-Pacific: The Pentagon Leads by Example
UPDATED 08/11/2013 CSIS, The South China Sea in High Resolution
UPDATED 04/25/2013 CFR, South China Sea Tensions Quick Backgrounder

UPDATED 11/30/2012 Reuters, ASEAN chief voices alarm at China plan to board ships in disputed waters 

China's announcement, if clarified to mean its unilaterally defined "passport dotted line" seems silly, unnecessarily provocative, and will likely to be ignored by the international community.

UPDATED 11/12/2012 Economist, Blunt words and keen swords

UPDATED 09/24/2012 People'sDailyEng, Is Panetta's visit to China rewarding?

UPDATED 09/08/2012 CommonwealthClub, General Martin Dempsey, Chairman, Joint Chiefs Of Staff (7/27/12; audio)

Discussion includes segments on the diplomatic and definitional challenges related to the South China Sea among other security issues (i.e cyber which the chairman places high on his list).

It seems the new buzzwords are Asia pivot, transparency, partnership; old buzzwords power point presentation. Hopefully transparency and partnership, including with China will be as ubiquitous as power point presentation!

UPDATED 09/05/2012 Reuters, China warns U.S. not to take sides in sea disputes and UPI, Clinton notes maturity in U.S.-China ties

UPDATED 09/04/2012 VOA, Will South China Sea Disputes Lead to War? 

Firstly, China Is Not a superpower, it's a developing power and knows it. Secondly, all bullies think they own, rule and run an entire playground until they're ignored or provoke a punch in their nose. Thirdly, bullies learn to play nice when they're ignored (i.e. refuse to sign natural resource leases or recognize EEZ, or trade, or recognize midnight landings and radar stations build on rocks etc.) or provoke a punch in their nose.

A high probability of periodic playground fighting or provoking a punch in the nose is not “war” or justification for our bloated military budget nor is an arms race with China necessary to achieve beneficial and desirable South and East China Sea outcomes.

Our nation must immediately ratify the Law of the Sea Convention and continue to constructively coordinate adherence with the same by all nations, including China.

It will also be helpful if nations quit trying to have their cake and eat it too when it comes to dealing with China.

UPDATED 09/01/2012 CSM. Clinton to Cook Islands: US cares (more than China) and
Radio NZ, US to follow NZ's lead on China in the Pacific - Clinton and Clinton in South Pacific with China in mind at start of 6-nation Asia tour and NZH, Clinton: 'NZ sets a good example' and Reuters, Clinton says U.S. can work with China in Pacific

Secretary of State Clinton promotes America's Pacific Peaceful Playground Patrolling Strategy for the Asian Pacific commons—a strategy that must include a major, meaningful, measurable and sustained China contribution.

She has been awesome but our nation must practice transparency in lieu of lecturing about transparency, which must include disclosing the opaque ways of friends and foes.

UPDATED 08/18/2012 NWC, Between Peace And The Air-Sea Battle, A War At Sea Strategy

An interesting multilateral collaborative strategy—a better caption might be, "A Peaceful Playground Patrolling Strategy".

The authors acknowledge some aspects of their proposed strategy require war gaming—hopefully those conducting the war games will recruit the participation of many first grade teachers with significant experience patrolling playgrounds.

UPDATED 08/07/2012 CSIS, China's Coercive Economic Diplomacy: A New and Worrying Trend

Those wanting to learn more about the regional strategic martial issues may find CSIS, U.S. Force Posture Strategy in the Asia Pacific Region: An Independent Assessment (pdf) and CSIS, Chinese Military Modernization and Force Development: A Western Perspective (pdf) helpful.

UPDATED 08/05/2012 Reuters, China calls in U.S. diplomat over South China Sea and Xinhau, Commentary: U.S. should refrain from sending wrong signals over South China Sea

Regional nations are beginning to assert their UNCLOS rights that conflict with China's unilateral and expansive South China Sea claim.

Some of the nations' actions are comic (e.g. building a radar station on rocks that are periodically submerged by tide and wave action; sending monks to live on semi-submerged rocks). Others actions are threatening, provocative, or confrontational (e.g. harassing, impairing and capturing vessels; detaining sailors; impairing or impeding exploitation of other nation's UNCLOS economic zones).

Understandably, but unreasonably China expects its less powerful regional neighbor nations to surrender their UNCLOS rights to its historic (but not historical) interpretation and growing regional economic clout.

Our navy has the thankless job of ensuring conflicting UNCLOS claims do not disrupt the global commons (i.e. peacefully discuss and settle)—a thankless job that does not require the Seventh Fleet or a carrier strike group.

UPDATED 08/02/2012 Atlantic, The Vietnam Solution and Intrigue in the South China Sea (map)

UPDATED 07/22/2012 Reuters, China to formally garrison disputed South China Sea

Nations playing "mine's bigger than your's" is so yesterday!

UPDATED 07/13/2012 Reuters, China, U.S. seek to calm South China Sea tensions and Reuters, SE Asia meeting in disarray over sea dispute with China

UPDATED 07/09/2102 BBC, South China Sea tension tops Asean regional agenda

Interestingly (or ironically depending on your perspective), recent reports indicate China's state controlled media has begun making the argument (probably for internal consumption) that the returns on Middle East political transitions are negative—unfortunately, China provides no specific from their dramatic "cost-benefit analysis" (great claims require great proof).

The Great Firewall is leaky!

UPDATED 06/10/2012 Reuters, Firepower bristles in South China Sea as rivalries harden
UPDATED 06/03/2012 Reuters, Access to Pacific harbors key to U.S. strategy: Panetta It's unclear why China prefers a bilateral strategy to a more stable and beneficial multi-lateral strategy?

There currently exists a golobal multilateral framework called UNCLOS which our Congress should immediately ratify—of course nothing prevents compatible local supplements to global frameworks.

UPDATED 05/07/2012 TurkishPress, China's defense chief visits Pentagon amid diplomatic row
UPDATED 04/14/2012 Reuters, Standoff near Philippines over; Chinese boats keep catch These playground fights with its smaller playmates will likely cost China far more than a few sharks, clams and harvested coral.

UPDATED 04/12/2012 SOS, Forrestal Lecture at the Naval Academy, Secretary of State Clinton

UPDATED 04/11/2012 BBC, Philippines sends second ship amid China stand-off

UPDATED 02/20/2012 UPI, General [Martin Dempsey] tells of 'opportunity' in Pacific

UPDATED 02/20/2012 Commander Seventh Fleet, Vice Admiral Scott Swift, speaks at RAN Sea Power Conference 2012


UPDATED 02/17/2012 CRS, U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress dated February 2012
UPDATED 01/15/2012 CNAS, Cooperation from Strength. The United States, China and the South China Sea (pdf)  Provides a cursory description of the South China Sea boundary and consequent resource disputes and disputants.


Cooperation from Strength is an aphorism for the expenditures on an expansive naval fleet to perpetuate our unilateral global police power.  An aphorism that is more nonsensical and discouraging of cooperation than "mistress marriage maintenance".

Cooperation from Strength  simply complains that China uses economic coercion on the South China Sea disputants and others; opportunistically substitutes its domestic law for international law; increased its expenditures on military development; and free rides on our heretofore unilateral provision of global police power (the first three complaints are tactics not unfamiliar to our nation and the last is exactly what  Cooperation from Strength seeks to perpetuate!).

Not sure how the above complaints justify the expenditures on an expansive naval fleet to perpetuate our unilateral global police power? The complaints seem more supportive of the need to develop a multilateral cooperative framework.

UPDATED 01/13/2012 IHS Janes, Analysis: US' Asia-Pacific strategy provokes mixed response from China Discusses the recently published "Sustaining US Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense (pdf)".  

UPDATED 01/01/2012 Daily Planet, Obama’s Dangerous Asia “Pivot”

UPDATED 12/18/2011 Reuters, U.S. Navy may station ships in Singapore, Philippines

UPDATED 12/09/2011 ReutersU.S. seeks to reassure China on Australia military ties

China and U.S. are behaving like disillusioned partners trying to figure out whether their efforts are worth it.

It's reminiscent of the recent Mainland rafter who attempted to float across the Taiwan Strait to observe Taiwan's upcoming democratic elections. Only to be intercepted at sea, arrested, and deported back to the Mainland by Taiwan.

The rafter cursing democracy and deportation while a democratic Taiwan wonders how its defenses will next be tested. Both interpreting the rare and foolish event as further reason to distrust the other and question the partnership.

UPDATED 11/19/2011 Reuters, WRAPUP 5-China rebuffs U.S., Asia pressure in sea dispute

President Obama clearly communicated to China that constructive cooperation requires both nations to play by the "big boy" rules of the road.

Premier Wen clearly communicated China's understanding and signaled that coercive pressure may not be the optimal method for ensuring China's constructive cooperation.

All that remains is for China and United States' capable diplomats to convert these "no shit communications" in to constructive cooperation.

UPDATED 11/05/2011 CSM, The rise of an economic superpower: What does China want?
"China's diplomacy is cost-benefit-oriented, not dealing in terms of global public goods, ... It's a very self-interested country, looking after themselves.", --CSM quoting Professor Shambaugh--
UPDATED 10/24/2011 UPI, U.S. seeks development of ASEAN security

UPDATED 10/09/2011 UPI, War in South China Sea?

UPDATED 07/23/2011
StateDept, Hilary Clinton's remarks at the ASEAN Regional Entrepreneurship Summit. and ChinaDaily, China and ASEAN 'can solve disputes' and SFExaminer, Clinton: South China Sea disputes threaten peace and Reuters, China signs S.China Sea guidelines, seeks to turn page on row and Australian, China irate over push on sea claim

China's expansive territorial interpretation appears to be the primary source of its own irritation.

UPDATED 07/12/2011 FP, The South China Sea's Georgia Scenario.

UPDATED 06/18/2011 Reuters, UPDATE 2-China to boost coastal forces amid sea tensions
UPDATED 05/14/2011 Reuters, Factbox: China's military modernization

"The People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff Chen Bingde arrives in Washington D.C. on Sunday for a week-long trip to the United States, the highest level visit there by a Chinese uniformed military commander since 2009."--Reuters--

UPDATED 02/21/2011 Diplomat, Is China Planning String of Pearls?.

UPDATED 01/11/2011 WP, China tests stealth aircraft before Gates, Hu meet. Secretary Gates demonstrates how to maintain a professional relationship, notwithstanding a possible or perceived slight, snub, or mistiming.

UPDATED 01/10/2011 WP, Chinese defense chief [Liang Guangjie] tepid to Gates. Gates meets with Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping and will take a tour of China's 2nd Artillery (strategic missiles) headquarters.

UPDATED 12/29/2010 Asahi, U.S. commander says China aims to be a 'global military' power (full text of interview). USPACCOM's comment on China's anti-ship ballistic missile system (aka ASBM or "carrier killer") received a lot of play, but that was a very small part of a broad and informative interview.

"...China bears a responsibility, given its growing economic power, growing diplomatic power globally and growing military, to be a greater contributor to the overall security--of not only the Asia-Pacific but elsewhere--brought about by its many elements of national power...."--USPACCOM, Admiral Willard--

U.S.-China on-off military-military-dialogue and cooperation has lagged our robust continuous and contiguous diplomatic-economic-dialogue and cooperation. Parity or near parity must be reached to ensure a strategic stability in South East Asia and adjacent seas.

UPDATED 12/09/2010 Reuters, China, North Korea reach consensus over crisis: report

UPDATED 12/07/2010 Reuters, China hits back at criticism over North Korea (also, WP, U.S. steps up pressure on China to rein in North Korea and SOS, Secretary Clinton's Remarks with Japanese Foreign Minister Seiji Maehara and South Korean Foreign Minister Kim Sung-hwan)

UPDATED 12/06/2010 Reuters, China's Hu tells Obama worried by Korea crisis

"President Barack Obama has urged China to work with the US to send 'a clear message' to North Korea that its provocations against South Korea are 'unacceptable'."--BBC quoting President Obama--

"Unacceptable" is diplomatic speak for "will no longer be tolerated" and is not unlike a red blinking light. It's simultaneously fortunate and unfortunate that nations push their aggressive or assertive behavior just short of the solid red light—the fundamental reasons are simultaneously simple and complex!

UPDATED 12/05/2010 NavyMil, Naval Exercise Wraps Up In South Korea and Al Jazeera, S Korea holds live-fire navy drillsand TaiPei Times, Japan-US exercises begin.

Perhaps next week when China meets with North Korea and the United States separately meets with Japan and South Korea all involved will "discover" ways to better spend their time and resources than reciprocating naval exercises. Wasting time and resources threatening to club each other does not seem like an optimal method for solving complex global issues?

UPDATED 11/04/2010 NYT, China Stages Naval Exercises. ...more ridiculous reciprocating playground provocation from our fearful leaders children6—while Russia engages in East China Sea rock hopping and missile shots from the Barents and Okhotsk Seas. ...can we give our leaders a time-out or send them to their rooms—no spanking, it's part of the problem?

UPDATED 10/05/2010 Newsweek, A Beijing Backlash. A tersely informative article by Issac Stone Fish—hopefully he will pen more articles on the interesting, important, and developing U.S.-China relationship. Fortunately, our Secretary of State and defense leadership show every indication of teaming to deal with China's authoritarian CCP leadership in an "Iran smart" way. Perhaps, China-U.S. can pioneer new and evolving methods of cooperative-competition that do not require usage or threats of weaponry—that nations (collection of individuals) must still seek to develop weaponry speaks volumes! (in case you forgot how much is spent on such foolishness here's a couple of handy charts courtesy of Time Blog Swampland.)

UPDATED 10/06/2010 WP, Defense Secretary Gates to meet Chinese counterpart in Hanoi, officials say

UPDATED 09/28/2010 Asia Times, US stirs South China Sea waters.

White House, Joint Statement of the 2ND U.S.- ASEAN Leaders Meeting

White House, Read-out of President Obama's Working Luncheon with ASEAN Leaders

White House, Remarks by President Obama and Premier Wen Jiabao of China before Bilateral Meeting

UPDATED 09/24/2010 Vancouver Sun, U.S. and Asian allies push back against China's rise. China's South China Sea playground behavior is provoking responses from its regional playmates and counter responses by China. Nice to read our president is emphasizing his role as "the negotiator" and not "the decider".

CSM, China fishing boat captain to be freed by Japan. Will it ease tensions?

CFR, Upping the Ante in China-Japan Clash

UPDATED 09/16/2010 AsiaTimes, China ire at sea chase signals wider reach

UPDATED 08/05/2010 KoreanTimes, China seeking to become world power

UPDATED 07/28/2010 NPR, The New Republic: China's Push to Master the Seas

UPDATED 07/27/2010 NYT, China Warns U.S. to Stay Out of Islands Dispute

It's difficult to understand why if China seeks

“...to have these [South China Sea] disputes solved peacefully through friendly consultations in the interest of peace and stability in the South China Sea and good neighborly relations,”--NYT, quoting China Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi--

it would decry United States' participation? (SOS, National Convention Center Hanoi, Vietnam (ASEAN) Statement and MFA, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi Refutes Fallacies On the South China Sea Issue) Surely China's foreign minister is not suggesting United States’ participation will be other than peaceful and stabilizing?

UPDATED 07/29/2010 For an alt-perspective readObama Maneuvers to Contain China: Is He Using the Pentagon to Assert Declining American Power in Asia?.

The blog post credits the argument that America (not China) is substituting military intimidation and bullying for lack of competitiveness (interestingly and encouragingly China and the US are using different facts to accuse each other of the same behavior). China’s assertion will have more credibility when (if) its currency is free floating, prices are not imputed, and trade-barriers reduced or eliminated. Nevertheless, the point that the U.S. and China should be cooperating and refraining from provoking or antagonize each other is difficult to dispute.

UPDATED 07/24/2010 NYT, Offering to Aid Talks, U.S. Challenges China on Disputed Islands. Kudos to our Secretary of State for offering to help define and stabilize disputed international South China Sea boundaries. China (or other nations) should not substitute bullying for discussions and consensus simply because another nation does not or cannot use force to differentiate commons from national interests and international boundaries. In this regard our leadership must immediately ratify the latest Law of the Sea conventions, clarifying if necessary.

UPDATED 02/05/2010 Economist, By fits and starts. Mostly fits right now. Unfortunately China leaders like our leaders will tend toward stoking the nationalism rhetoric. The rhetoric can be dangerous because it substitutes emotional appeasement for doing the heavy lifting required for long-term sustainable solutions. Many times leaders of a nation cynically use nationalism believing they can control the passions. But such passions are difficult to control once stoked. Citizens in both China and America must condemn any effort by our leaders to substitute nationalism for the hard work of ensuring sustainable global growth. Protectionism or terminating dialogue or inflammatory rhetoric regardless of the differences or disagreements are nationalistic and impede sustainable global growth.

UPDATED 01/30/2010 Reuters, China threatens U.S. with sanctions on Taiwan arms and U.S. Regrets China's Response to Arms Sales. U.S. to fill Taiwan's purchase order (see DID, Taiwan’s (Un?)Stalled Force Modernization) for defensive systems to counter mainland missiles aimed at Taiwan and China's increased South and East China Seas assertiveness (some might say aggressiveness). Beyond routine and proforma expressions of displeasure China and the U.S. are expected to continue cooperation. It seems a little contradictory, if not bemusing that China would plead the ineffectiveness of sanctions on Iran's behalf and then threaten the use of sanctions against others. It's also difficult to see how stopping some China-U.S. military dialogue and cooperation is helpful.

Other South China Sea (below southern tip of Taiwan) and East China Sea (above southern tip of Taiwan) Incidents:


UPDATED 01/14/2010 Time, China and Vietnam: Clashing Over an Island Archipelago. This is part of China's continuing efforts to expand and assert its sovereignty within the South China Sea (each habitable island comes with protected zones). If you use bullying or force to acquire or retain an island others are unlikely to recognize or honor the protected zones associated with that island. China's recent bullying of its smaller regional partner (Vietnam) is troubling—professing harmony while bullying is unseemly, unconvincing, and will only provoke push back.

UPDATED 01/13/2010 ChinaDaily, US arms sale to Taiwan not to harm relations: analysts. China and the U.S may be learning how to continue cooperating in the face of disagreements. Exchanging the state actor's version of the schoolboy phraseology—"I'm gonna kick your ass"—then continue playing Ping-Pong. 

UPDATED 01/16/2010 Here's the diplomatic version:
"Everyone's aware that China is a rising power of the 21st century,....But people want to see the United States fully engaged in Asia, so that as China rises the United States is there as a force for peace....What I'm expecting is that we actually are having a mature relationship,....That means that it doesn't go off the rails when we have differences of opinion."--WP quoting Secretary of State Hillary Clinton--



UPDATED 06/24/2009 China Daily, Disputes at sea float to surface Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, Michele Flournoy and delegation head to China for two-day routine confidence building military talks (10th Defense Consultative Talks). South China Sea, Korean Peninsula, Proliferation, and Pirates are likely to be among the agenda items.


UPDATED 06/15/2009 Reuters, China sub collides with array towed by U.S. ship: report. U.S. gets ASW practice—China gets ASW counter-measure practice—a U.S. towed hydrophone array is lost in the process5.


Wonder if these ASW encounters can be structured as joint exercises and thereby reduce the probability of future accidents5? ChinaDaily, Sub, sonar collision 'inadvertent'

UPDATED 05/07/2009 UPI, Chinese fishing vessels confront US ship. China and U.S. have agreed to disagree on what activity is permitted by convention in a nation's economic zone as opposed to its 12 limit. Each continuing to make their point in non-harmful or non-threatening ways (if somewhat lacking in professional seamanship). Significantly, the USS Victorious (a sibling of the Impeccable) was unaccompanied by any American warships and radioed to Chinese ships for help in warding off its two harassing vessels—both vessels left shortly after the radio call for help.

UPDATED 03/20/2009 UPI, China ready to end standoff with U.S.. China-U.S. decide to focus on more cooperative matters and end the aggressive posturing—Yes!, 是的, shide

China Daily, Sino-US sea standoff appears to have ended

UPDATED 03/14/2009 BBC, Who's right in South China Sea spat?.

UPDATED 03/13/2009 UPI, Chinese criticize dispatch of destroyer.

UPDATED 03/13/2009 StraitsTimes, Destroyers to escort US ships. United States destroyers will escort unarmed surveillance ships to ensure they are not harassed outside China's territorial space—first to ride shotgun is the Burke-class destroyer Crew & Family Website, USS Chung-Hoon (DDG-93) and NavSource, USS Chung-Hoon (DDG-93).

UPDATED 03/12/2009 Reuters, Obama, China's Yang discuss global economic crisis and recent Impeccable incident.

"The President also stressed the importance of raising the level and frequency of the U.S.- China military-to-military dialogue in order to avoid future incidents."--White House Blog, The President meets with Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi--

UPDATED 03/12/2009 TaipeiTimes, Taiwan ‘driving Chinese military goals’. Certainly China is obsessed with Taiwan, but that begs the question, why? China likely feels "contained" and views Taiwan and their Texas size definition of sovereignty (China would like to define everything within the first island chain as sovereign China, not just the South China Sea.) as necessary to mitigate those feelings.

The question keeping Admiral Keating up at night is whether China intends to impose their definition of sovereignty by force or consensus.

The question keeping China up at night is how much it can provoke the United States without generating an all out China containment response—a disaster for both countries, but especially for China. In this context China's military opaqueness will increase distrust and surveillance missions. Transparency and candidness are keys to our mutually beneficial, and respectful partnership.

Without transparency, candidness, and trust a mutually beneficial and respectful partnership is impossible—Keating will continue trying to figure out how many SSNs and SSBNs he has to sink should China miscalculate how much it can provoke the United States.

Cute statements analogies about thiefs outside your bamboo fence are unlikely to be interpreted as transparency, candidness or trust.

UPDATED 03/12/2009 WorldSocialist, Naval incidents highlight tense US-China relations.

UPDATED 03/11/2009 Reuters, Obama to raise ships incident with China.

UPDATED 03/11/2009 Xinhua/ChinaDaily, China lodges representation as U.S. naval ship breaks int'l, Chinese laws. Xinhua/ChinaDaily, Defense Ministry urges U.S. to respect China's security concern.

UPDATED 03/11/2009 BBC, US-China talks as sea row rumbles. Much of this can be attributed to China's inexperience relating to other nations—it's classic China to define sovereignty like Texans—then become offended when others ignore their Texas size definition of sovereignty.


It seems beneficial that China has begun partnering and interacting with other nations, particularly us—its preference and tendency favors withdrawal behind walls where sovereignty and interaction can be strictly regulated, controlled, and limited. It also seems likely that there will be more periodic, inept, abrasiveness events as China figures out the quality and quantity of its global interaction—taking shots at responsible power nations is fun until you're a responsible power nation (then you squirt water with fire hoses instead of conducting oppressive campaigns and massacres). Ironically, a responsible power nation quickly learns just how little sovereignty they have—unless you define sovereignty as mess management and paying for the cost of mismanaged mess clean-up!

UPDATED 03/10/2009 SFGate, Officials: US ship in China spat was hunting subs.

UPDATED 03/10/2009 NPR, China Says U.S. Ship Was Operating Illegally.

UPDATED 03/10/2009 Reuters, U.S.-China spat complicates minister's visit.

National Intelligence Director Dennis Blair told the U.S. Congress the Chinese have become more assertive in staking claims to international waters around economic zones and were "more military, aggressive, forward-looking than we saw a couple years before" in Southeast Asia and the South China Sea. Blair said it was unclear whether Beijing would use its growing military power "for good or pushing people around."--Reuters quoting Blair--

UPDATED 03/10/2009 NYT, China Says U.S. Provoked Naval Incident. This is similar to the general allegations and hand waving China made about the September 27, 2002 incident.

UPDATED 03/10/2009 Reuters, China says US navy ship was breaking law-HK website.

China Draws U.S. Protest Over Shadowing of Ships

VOA, Chinese Vessels Harass US Ships in International Waters

Blog:

UPDATED 03/10/2009 FAS Secrecy News, US, China, and Incidents at Sea. Focusing on agreements to prevent such maritime incidents from occurring.

UPDATED 03/10/2009 FAS Strategic Security, US-Chinese Anti-Submarine Cat and Mouse Game in South China Sea.


-----notes-----

1. The USNS Impeccable is one of five non-military surveillance and mapping ships from the United States Military Sealift Command’s 25 ships Special Ships Program.

It’s general characteristics are: displacement: - 5,368 long tons; length - 281.5 feet; beam - 95.8 feet; draft - 26 feet; speed- 12.0 knots; Crew 25 civilian mariners.

The purpose of the surveillance is likely to aid in regional littoral submarine and anti-submarine warfare should war occur between China and the United States or a regional ally. Fortunately, China and United States are currently increasing their dialogue and searching for ways to increase military transparency and engage in confidence building cooperation.

2. On March 24, 2001, in the Yellow Sea near South Korea, a PLA Navy Jianghu III-class frigate passed as close as 100 yards to a U.S. surveillance ship, the USNS Bowditch, and a PLA reconnaissance plane shadowed it. (CRS Report RL32496, FAS Website, U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress, Updated February 2008)

On September 27, 2002 China complained again about the non-military surveillance ship USNS Bowditch (T-AGS 62) mapping the Yellow Sea littorals (NYT, China Complains About U.S. Surveillance Ship The South China Sea is a “sensitive area” primarily because of its potential for natural resources (gas and oil), long running disputes over territorial rights claims to some of the many islands (see Reuters, FACTBOX-South China Sea's disputed maritime borders), Taiwan’s independence, and its submarine base located inside Hainan Island.

The Yellow Sea is a "sensitive area" primarily because of ship building, including submarines, submarine base and the potential for using the Yellow Sea as a submarine bastion for China's ballistic missile submarines (SSBN).

3. Both the NYT and Reuters are now reporting 25 feet not yards.

4. Acoustically this is a very challenging environment requiring a significant amount of surveying, mapping, and modeling to understand.

5. It's likely not an accident that China is interfering with surveying and mapping by destroying the towed acoustical array. China’s efforts to interfere with transparent surveying and mapping of international waters seem counter productive, unnecessarily confrontational, irresponsible, unprofessional, and potentially fatal to both the submarine and submariners.

6. The criticism is not directed at the evolutionary logic leading to the mine-is-bigger-than your-behavior, but at our persistent lack of learning. Stated differently, we are not constrained to behave like alpha goats head butting each other to preserve the grass eating order—in some cases head butting that occurs in the middle of hectares of edible grass!