Monday, November 29, 2021

Democracy and Discontent

Democracy is a process that enable leaders to provide balanced responses to citizens' discontent and interests.

Interestingly, a multi-party political system, while preferable is not a prerequisite for  an extant democracy. For example the current Republican Party while professing to be "for the people"excludes many of our citizens from political participation, usually under the rubric of "States Rights" using a variety of gimmicks, ruses and artifices. If you can exclude citizens then any responsiveness to their discontent and interests becomes irrelevant. Assuming the Democrats' leaders  continue providing a balanced response to the discontent and interests of all citizens you've created a de facto single party democracy.

The Republican Party and its followers' use of dogma to obviate their responsiveness to our citizenry's discontent and interests strengthens the case for a de facto single party democracy. According to their dogma "God, Markets, and Prayers" are the responsive constructs  to our citizenry.

The Democratic Party must stop pretending that the Republican Party is part of our multi-party system of democracy and call it what it is - a dogma spewing deceptive dictatorship requiring immediate removal and replacement.

1. The Republican Party is highly likely to be "for the people" - just not for the people participating in their own governance. 

It is likely that some leaders of the Republican Party are using populism for undemocratic ends, but it would be significant error to generalize those ends to all Americans  identifying with the Republican Party. [Those interested in sorting the (un)democratic ends may find this short article (pdf): Populism, Authoritarianism and Constitutionalism helpful?]

How long before these leaders begin spewing the shibboleth "democracy with Republican Party characteristics".

You don't need to be a scholar of China's Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (GPCR) to understand the catastrophe cult-like national populist movements inflict on nations. (those interested in the GPCR or China's leadership will find David Shambaugh's latest book, "China's Leaders: from Mao to Now" interesting)

Last Updated: November 29, 2021

Saturday, November 6, 2021

Corporate Complexity Versus Corruption

There is a difference between corporate complexity and corruption. Yes, software is extraordinarily complex—software defeat devices are corrupt. Boeing has been doing extraordinarily "complex" products, including software for decades, using talented engineers and risk analysis—not rent-seeking behavior or shameless calls by its chief executive officer.

How They [VW Engineers] Did It: An Analysis of Emission Defeat Devices in Modern Automobiles


UPDATED 04/08/2019 Boeing 737 Technical Site
U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, & Transportation; “The State of Airline Safety: Federal Oversight of Commercial Aviation,” at 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday, March 27, 2019

The Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, DeFazio, Larsen Letter Requesting DOT IG Investigate FAA Certifying Boeing 737 MAX


UPDATED 09/16/2020 UPI, Final report: Boeing, FAA made 'serious' flaws, 'missteps' with 737 Max,

 House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure,  Nearly One Year After Launching Its Boeing 737 MAX Investigation, House Transportation Committee Issues Preliminary Investigative Findings 
UPDATED 12/23/2019 Boeing, Boeing Announces Leadership Changes
UPDATED 12/17/2019 CNA, Boeing's Halt to 737 MAX Production Could Ding US Economy, Jobs
UPDATED 11/27/2019 NYT, Problems Pile Up for Boeing as 737 Max Delays Continue
UPDATED 11/06/2019 Reuters, Regulators Find Gaps in Boeing's 737 MAX Software Documentation - Sources and Regulators Want Revised Boeing 737 MAX Software Documentation: Company and
UPDATED 10/29/2019 C-SPAN3, Boeing CEO and Government Officials Testify on 737 MAX Safety

UPDATED 10/21/2019 Barrons, Boeing Stock Tumbles Because the FAA Just Dropped a Bombshell and Boeing Responded To The 737 MAX Email Controversy. Here’s What They Said.

UPDATED 10/08/2019 Reuters, Boeing Gets First 737 MAX Order Since Crash; Deliveries Halve

UPDATED 08/19/2019 WSJ, The Four-Second Catastrophe: How Boeing Doomed the 737 MAX

UPDATED 07/28/2019 NYT, The Roots of Boeing’s 737 Max Crisis: A Regulator Relaxes Its Oversight
UPDATED 06/29/2019 Reuters, U.S. Prosecutors Subpoena Records on Boeing 787 Production: Seattle Times
UPDATED 06/19/2019 C-SPAN, House Transportation [2nd] Hearing on Boeing 737 Max Aircraft (June 2019)
UPDATED 06/17/2019 CBSNews, Boeing CEO Admits "Mistake" in Handling 737 Max Warnings
UPDATED 06/08/2019 Reuters, Boeing Delayed Fix of Defective 737 MAX Warning Light for Three Years: U.S. Lawmakers

UPDATED 05/15/2019 TransportationInfrastructureCommittee, “Status of the Boeing 737 MAX”

UPDATED 05/14/2019 Reuters, FAA Convenes Multi-Agency  Board to Review Boeing Software Fix

UPDATED 05/06/2019 NYT, Boeing Believed a 737 Max Warning Light Was Standard. It Wasn’t.
UPDATED 04/15/2019 Vox, The Real Reason Boeing's New Plane Crashed Twice

UPDATED 04/08/2019 Boeing, Statement from Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg: We Own Safety - 737 MAX Software, Production and Process Update
UPDATED 03/21/2019 NYT, Doomed Boeing Jets Lacked 2 Safety Features That Company Sold Only as Extras...really!, a commercial passenger airliner is experiencing an accelerating pitching oscillation because you did not buy a "disagree" light and real AoA readings...

UPDATED 03/21/2019 AP, European, Canadian Regulators to do Own Review of Boeing Jet and USAToday, FBI Joins Criminal Probe into Boeing 737 Max 8 Safety Certification in Wake of Crashes and NYT, Pentagon Opens Internal Inquiry of Acting Defense Chief’s Ties to Boeing and NPR, Boeing Brings 100 Years Of History To Its Fight To Restore Its Reputation and Reuters, U.S. Prosecutors, Transportation Department Scrutinizing Boeing 737 MAX Development -Sources and WP, Federal Investigators Looking into Boeing 737 Max Following 2 Crashes in Less Than Five Months and Reuters, U.S. Senate to Hold Crash Hearing as Lawmakers Urge Grounding Boeing 737 MAX 8

Last updated 11/06/2021

Friday, November 5, 2021

Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission

Last week our Supreme Court decided Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, a monstrous 5-4 opinion unconvincingly1 characterizing our corporations as associations of citizens entitled to First Amendment political speech rights, limited only by disclaimer and disclosure requirements.

The majority seems to have conflated the regulatory process applicable to our corporations with the political process applicable to our citizens.

Evidently, an interest to protect is sufficient for the majority to guarantee our corporations First Amendment rights in our political process.

That said one can only hope for such a simplified, expansive, and unlimited approach for all First Amendment case law—call it the return to ancient First Amendment principles approach to First Amendment case law.


UPDATED 06/25/2012 LAT, Durbin: May take new court to overturn 'super PAC' ruling
UPDATED 06/08/2012 NYT, Approval Rating for Justices Hits Just 44% in New Poll
UPDATED 05/07/2012 ProPublica, The Best Watchdog Journalism on Campaign Finance
UPDATED 02/18/2012 DailyKos, Supremes put Montana's anti-Citizens United law on hold, but ...

Montana's Supreme Court says its 1912 statute forbidding corporate contributions to candidates is narrowly tailored to serve a compelling state interest—and that's all Citizens United requires.

Not so says petitioner Western Tradition Partnership—Citizens United forbids the forbidding of corporate contributions to candidates.

Justice Ginsburg has stayed the state court's decision, rhetorically asking her colleagues whether granting certiorari would provide them with an opportunity to revisit Citizens United.

...the latest allegations to implicitly discredit our Supreme Court and its dogmatists' assertion that:

independent expenditures, including those made by corporations, do not give rise to corruption or the appearance of corruption

We'll see if the Supreme Court dogmatists are correct that:

the appearance of influence or access, furthermore, will not cause the electorate to lose faith in our democracy ( Cambridge University, Global dissatisfaction with democracy at a record high - United States is in the malaise stage)

However it may contribute to the loss of our democracy...

UPDATED 05/10/2018 WT, Sheldon Adelson Cuts $30 Million Check to House Republican Group [Congressional Leadership Fund]: Report
UPDATED 04/16/2018 Wired, How Russian Facebook Ads Divided and Targeted Us Voters Before the 2016 Election and WISCJournalism, The Stealth Media? Groups And Targets Behind Divisive Issue Campaigns On Facebook
"...Thus, the Citizens United ruling, the lack of adequate law, as well as the lax disclaimer policies for digital platforms altogether created multi-level loopholes for campaigns run by anonymous groups, which potentially includes foreign countries’ disinformation campaigns..."--The Stealth Media--
UPDATED 06/30/2017 Reuters, Trump to Senate Republicans: kill Obamacare now, replace later

Maybe the billionaires' threat to our congressional representatives that there will be "no cash until action on healthcare" means that without gutting healthcare for our poor (Medicaid) there is no cash for the billionaires' tax break!

Unsurprisingly, our "new" alt-white-house tells congress to gut healthcare now and replace it later so they can get on with legislation giving the billionaires a tax break. Where is the promise of affordable healthcare for all our citizens without gaps?

UPDATED 06/27/2017 NYT, Donors to GOP: No Cash Until Action on Health Care, Taxes

What a beautiful bare knuckle brawl between our prostitutes and their whoremasters. A standoff over whether to deliver the f^cking before the cash or the cash before the f^cking?

Maybe our Supreme Court will take the case and abandon its "free speech" cover story for the whoremasters' cash?

UPDATED 09/14/2016 Guardian, Leaked Court Documents from ‘John Doe Investigation’

UPDATED 05/06/2016 USAToday, Often-secret donors spend big to push elected officials' pet projects

Guess the source of "political speech" (aka money) is not as transparent or clear as our high court anticipated?

UPDATED 04/24/2016 YouTube, Koch, 'Possible' Clinton better than GOP nominee

How ironic one billionaire's neo-anarchic agenda blown up by another billionaire's neo-anarchic agenda—hey it's free entertainment, watch and enjoy!

Even Koch couldn't imply his support for Hillary Clinton with a straight face. It's like Russia's Putin implying if the United States et al. doesn't ease up on economic sanctions he'll support China's Xi efforts to replace the dollar with the renminbi, so thugs can more freely finance their thuggery!

UPDATED 04/12/2016 AP News, Hundreds Protest Money in Politics at US Capitol
Maybe a hedge fund or super pac will use their free speech to bail out the arrested protesters as soon the judge declares how many words each protester will be required to post as bail?

UPDATED 04/04/2016 YouTube, Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Congressional Fundraising (HBO)

UPDATED 03/14/2016 PubIntegrity, Citizens United, Explained Center for Public Integrity teams up with Reveal in hour-long radio show

UPDATED 03/07/2016 NYT, 'Dark Money', by Jane Mayer

Mayer's "Dark Money" illuminates a backstory of a bizarre billionaires' bazaar behind America's escalating and increasingly nefarious electioneering. Mayer's best-selling book opens with a variant of the quotation oft-attributed to deceased Associate Justice Louis D. Brandeis:
“We can have a democratic society or we can have the concentration of great wealth in the hands of a few. We cannot have both.”4
And ends with a near billion dollar projection ($889M), which concentrated wealth is expected to pledge for Presidential Election 2016 electioneering. This, in addition to the $1,000M each major party (Republicans and Democrats) is expected to spend.

Mr. Chief Justice, that's a lot of concentrated and costly speech!

UPDATED 01/22/2015 COLUMN-Are U.S. rivals hacking the American electoral system? Why it's impossible to know
UPDATED 12/07/2014 NYT, Energy Firms in Secretive Alliance With Attorneys General

Conflating faux federalism with financial interests is likely to produce undesirable mischief. When attorneys generals are doing the conflation excessive "ingratiation" (commonly called corruption) and incredulity are likely to follow.
UPDATED 04/02/2014  SupremeCourt, McCutcheon v. Federal Election Comm’n

Transparent measures and constraints on monies flows to our representatives should not require NSA intercepts or FBI recordings of representatives' quid pro quo exchanges—a premise artfully articulated by the four dissenters

UPDATED 08/22/2012 NewYorker, Schmooze or Lose: Obama doesn’t like cozying up to billionaires. Could it cost him the election?

One might phrase Jane Mayer's question a little different—should our President place his confidence in the abilities of the American people or personal casino concierges?

UPDATED 02/17/2012 NPR, White House And SuperPAC: How Close Is Too Close?

UPDATED 01/16/2012 Guardian, Stephen Colbert for President? TV host hints at entering Republican race

Our seriously corrupt election processes and consequent loss of its integrity maybe returned in hilarity and humor—run Colbert run!

UPDATED 10/05/2011 New Yorker, State for Sale: A conservative multimillionaire has taken control in North Carolina, one of 2012’s top battlegrounds. and NPR, Art Pope: The Millionaire Helping Republicans Win N.C.

Jane Mayer examines the intersection of Art Pope's corporate money with South North Carolina's legislature.

UPDATED 10/21/2010 NYT, Top Companies Aid Chamber of Commerce in Policy Fights. Let the games begin!

UPDATED 08/26/2010 New Yorker, Covert Operations. Jane Mayer provides a mini-tutorial on the mischief our billionaires create (literally) behind networks of coordinated corporate facades and fronts—it can be very difficult to determine who's funding the "chants of our cults" and for what purpose. Penetration of the facades and fronts usually depreciates and tarnishes much of the good our billionaires accomplish—there's a transparent message here somewhere.

UPDATED 01/30/2011 WP, 25 arrested at California conservative meeting and Reuters, Protesters decry conservative desert retreat. The article reports brothers David and Charles Koch organized the conclave. The article does not provide the conclave’s thematic; perhaps "plutocrats for a vibrant democracy"? Wonder if Sarah "no sheep"3 Palin was the conclave's keynote?

NPR, The Brothers Koch: Rich, Political And Playing To Win. Fresh Air Terry Gross talks with Mayer about her New Yorker article.

UPDATED 04/04/2010 UPI, U.S. Supreme Court: Wallowin' again in that ol' soft money. The Supreme Court's recent decision in Citizens created a disparity between the now unlimited spending permitted by unions and corporations and the still limited "soft money" spending by political parties. Litigants are expected to ask our Supreme Court to eliminate the current "soft money" limitation in time for the next election—bet you can't wait. Of course Congress could act to neutralize the corrosive perception, if not reality, that our politicians are bought and paid for before, during, and after their "public service"2 to our nation.

UPDATED 03/10/2010 ProPublica, Higher Corporate Spending on Election Ads Could Be All but Invisible.

UPDATED 03/10/2010 WP, Chief Justice John Roberts: Scene at State of Union 'very troubling'.

Our chief justice does the Supreme Court and our nation a disservice by engaging in polemics with respect to the courts recent decisions. It may be news to a youthful and energetic chief justice but that's what a Supreme Court justice does—sit, study, listen, and decide, hopefully with dispassionate interest and without political polemics2. It’s unlikely Supreme Court justices can successfully and simultaneously engage the role of polemic politician and credible Supreme Court justice without doing harm to themselves and the Court.


1. Many have viewed the decision as an unreasoned political polemic, which further dulls our Supreme Court's patina of credibility.

2. The definition of "public service" appears to be raising money for the next election and not voting inconsistent with interests necessary to raise that money. Wonder what the relationship is, if any, between this definition of "public service" and the recent harmful shocks to our financial, economic, and social systems equilibrium? Assuming unconstrained "soft money" enables each political party to offset the "public service" of the other will such offsetting increase or decrease the frequency and magnitude of the harmful shocks to our financial, economic, and social systems equilibrium?

3. Refer to CSM, Sarah Palin: Democrats have 'the fighting instincts of a bunch of sheep'

4. Refer to Peter Scott Campbell's, Democracy v. Concentrated Wealth, In Search of Louis D. Brandeis Quote Mayer uses the variant:
"We must make our choice. We may have democracy, or we may have wealth concentrated in the hands of a few, but we can't have both."

 Last Updated November 05, 2021

Thursday, October 28, 2021

The Recycling Myth

"... In all, Reuters examined 30 projects by two-dozen advanced recycling companies across three continents and interviewed more than 40 people with direct knowledge of this industry, including plastics industry officials, recycling executives, scientists, policymakers and analysts.

Most of those endeavors are agreements between small advanced recycling firms and big oil and chemicals companies or consumer brands, including ExxonMobil Corp, Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Procter & Gamble Co (P&G). All are still operating on a modest scale or have closed down, and more than half are years behind schedule on previously announced commercial plans, according to the Reuters review. Three advanced recycling companies that have gone public in the last year have seen their stock prices decline since their market debuts..."--Reuters--


ScienceMag, Production, Use, and Fate of All Plastics Ever Made (2017)


UPDATED 10/28/2021 Reuters, Trash and Burn

Reuters, The Recycling Myth Are the above "endeavors" just industry talking-points, which increase plastic pollution?

Friday, October 15, 2021

Unscientific And Other Wacky Sh*t Out Of Texas

Originally Published May 17, 2017; Last Updated October 15, 2021; Last Republished October 15, 2021:

Professor Thaddeus Schmidlap
Wacky Sh*t Out of Texas Updates:

...kudos to President need to wait for hedge-funds to start investing in syndicates before deterring wacky policy for upending women's choices about childbirth...

...the Supreme Court's zealots (aka "conservatives") appear to be pursuing a path of irrelevancy or martyrdom and oblivion depending one's perspective...

UPDATED 08/06/2019 WP, Officers on Horseback Led A lack Suspect Through the Streets by Rope. The Chief Apologizedm

...WTF, a slang abbreviation that our citizenry are asking a lot during white nationalist governance of the unstable, unfit, unwell, unbalanced, and unlawful "new" alt-white-house et al. and GOP-RNC cum RAG (Ruse, Artifice, Gimmick) Party Senate...

UPDATED 03/29/2019 NYT, Demands for Adam Schiff’s Head Highlight Chasm That Only Widened With Mueller’s Conclusion, wonder what Representative Conaway (R-TX 11th District) will "call for" after the entire Mueller Report is provided to Congress and made public and he's read it...he will read it before talking about it, won't he...?

UPDATED 03/26/2019 WP, Trump administration Asks Court to Completely Invalidate Obama’s Affordable Care Act [Pelosi Statement on House Filing Opening Brief in Health Care Lawsuit, While Trump Administration Argues to Destroy Entire Law and Pelosi Statement on 9th Anniversary of the Affordable Care Act and CMS, Health Insurance Exchanges 2019 Open Enrollment]

...kudos to the House of Representatives for intervening in Texas v USA and introducing legislation to ensure Americans have affordable comprehensive healthcare coverage...billionaires' budget burdens and religious zealots' myths about female reproduction are of quaternary or quinary concern, if they are of any concern...

...after nine years of listening to the GOP/RNC cum RAG Party lies about providing Americans with affordable comprehensive healthcare, even goddess Clementia is calling bullsh^t... (the latest RAG Party efforts to "disrupt", aka destroy obamacare)...

UPDATED 03/01/2019 NYT, A Times Square Billboard Hits Ocasio-Cortez on Amazon. She Hits Back

...billionaire Bezos (Amazon) builds jobs in New York like billionaire sports team owners and others build stadiums, golf courses, and arenas, with rent-seeking at the public's cost...'s going to take more than billionaire sponsored or funded billboards, rent-seeking, monopolies, addictive products, and chants of "disruption", a euphemism for the gimmick of cannibalizing existing assets...

...expectations for and of our billionaires significantly deviate from the requirements of a leading 21st century nation...

...don't forget to laugh...

UPDATED 12/19/2018 Reuters, Federal Judge [District Judge Reed Charles O'Connor] Rules Obamacare Unconstitutional and CourtListener, ORDER granting Plaintiffs partial summary judgment (Ordered by Judge Reed C. O'Connor on 12/14/2018) (Judge Reed C. O'Connor) (Entered: 12/14/2018) and CourtListener, Docket for Texas v. United States of America (4:18-cv-00167) District Court, N.D. Texas

...the judges opinion has no immediate impact on is important for our citizens to continue enrolling in and using Obamacare...the goal of comprehensive healthcare for all our citizens will face obstacles, even if some are a bit using the 2017 tax law mostly benefiting our wealthiest citizens to declare healthcare for our poorest citizens unconstitutional...believing if you topple one domino you topple them all...

UPDATED 09/27/2018 WP, A Black Student Refused to Recite the Pledge of Allegiance — Challenging Texas Law Requiring It

...really!, we're still  forcing our Pledge of Allegiance onto our children?...the history of legal challenges to the Pledge of Allegiance...

UPDATED 10/25/2017 NPR, 'Jane Doe' Has Abortion In Texas, After Battle With Trump Administration and ACLU, Court Orders Trump Administration To Stop Blocking Young Woman’s Abortion and SanAntonioCurrent, Trump Administration Blocks Legal Abortion for Undocumented Texas Minor in Federal Care and WP, An undocumented teen is pregnant and in custody. Can the U.S. Stop Her From Getting An Abortion?

It's unclear why our religious zealots' dogma and lunacy is able to interfere or impede a women's healthcare, period?

UPDATED 10/16/2017 Reveal, Access Denied: The Fight for Public Education
and HoustonChronicle, Denied

States rights and libertarian zealots often substitute dogma or inferior, and nefarious state solutions in lieu of superior federated solutions, which cut harm to their residents and our citizens (e.g. secure health, education, shelter, and nutrition). Such is the damage of  the zealots' dogma!

UPDATED 10/07/2017 HoustonChronicle, Texas Manufacturer of 'Bump Stocks' Halts New Sales

A corporation does not have a constitutional right to place into the stream of commerce any sh*t, addictive, or harmful product a snake-oil salesman labels "innovative".

UPDATED 09/18/2017 Fox, Pastor Jeffress Talks Day of Prayer for Harvey Victims

Texas religious zealot Robert Jeffress thanked god for giving us the "gift" of, Trump! 

Ah, can we return god's gift or re-gift it to another nation, which is "praying for unity", say Caracas, Venezuela (elev. 2,953')? 

Instead of "a day of prayer" let's have "a day of good government" that sends seed money (say $100B) to help the residents of Galveston (elev. 6.89'), Texas City (elev. 9.8'), and Beaumont (elev. 16.0') et al. 

Do not attach a "prayer", but a reminder that good government leadership is not a gift from god, but extraordinary citizens with the ability to consult geospatial specialists or elevation maps when regulating the building of Texas structures, especially residential structures!

UPDATED 09/01/2017 NYT, Blocking a Bad Immigration Law in Texas
UPDATED 08/14/2017 TexasTribune, Senate approves bill restricting abortion insurance and Texas Legislature Online, Bill: HB 214  

Requiring women to pay a separate and addition premium for their reproductive healthcare (non-emergency abortion) is bizarre.

UPDATED 06/09/2017  NYT, Bill to Erase Some Dodd-Frank Banking Rules Passes in House and USNews, Financial Choice Act Looms Over Dodd-Frank's Future

Our citizenry will recall the last time a federal lawmaker from Texas proposed wacky financial sh*t we got Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999, which overturned the Glass-Steagall Act that enabled our cannibal-capitalists to blow up the global economy; we're still recovering from the financial  catastrophe of 2007 Great Recession!

Thursday, September 2, 2021

The First Amendment Is Not A Fraud Amendment

Our First Amendment should not become a fraud amendment by assigning "free speech" or "religious" labels to mythinformation, misinformation, or disinformation.

Statistic: Most popular social networks worldwide as of July 2021, ranked by number of active users (in millions) | Statista
Find more statistics at Statista

Friday, July 30, 2021

China-US Begin Delicate Dance

China and United States begin the delicate domestic dance of figuring out how to synergistically propel each country''s economic growth without alienating one another.

On one level this is a "problem" all nations should have—mutual economic interdependence such that neither nation can effectively afford to alienate the other. Each must work with the other or both nations will suffer.

Economists for both China and the United States are excellent, but this is not fundamentally an economist''s problem nor can they do little more than crunch the data, develop and run the models, and provide economic forecasts.

This is about the kind of relationship China and the United States expect to develop and maintain over the next century. Get it right and each country will gloriously benefit—get it wrong and the result will be anything but harmonious.

It's not the time for trite and trivial accusations and counter-accusations about currency manipulation. It''s a time for candid, frank, transparent, honest, and broad ranging discussions about what each country requires from the other to ensure and assure our mutually beneficial friendship extends through the next half century and beyond.

Economists will play a role. Skilled leadership, politicians, and negotiators each capable of assuming nothing, exploring everything, and making tough transformational decisions will play an even greater role. Treat it as a short term rhetorical game for gain versus a long term candid, honest, frank, and transparent discussion between mutually respectful friends at your nation''s own risk!  


UPDATED 10/25/2016 Brookings, A Glass Half Full: The Rebalance, Reassurance, and Resolve in the U.S.-China Strategic Relationship

It's difficult to think of big power nations working hard together to complete a quality bilateral investment treaty as a relationship on a bad path. A multidimensional relationship that captivates, confounds, and challenges, sure4, but that's not bad!

UPDATED 06/18/2010 WH, Letter from the President to G-20 Leaders
"...I also want to underscore that market-determined exchange rates are essential to global economic vitality. The signals that flexible exchange rates send are necessary to support a strong and balanced global economy...."--President''s June 2010 G-20 Letter--

UPDATED 02/26/2010 CFR, Reality Bites. A short light-hearted assessment of the current China-U.S. relationship that's maybe too close to the truth.

UPDATED 06/02/2009 WSJ, Full Text of Geithner's Speech at Peking University. Geithner''s former Mandarin teacher has a laugh at his expense. Presenting him with an earlier picture while hinting that more than learning Mandarin was afoot.

UPDATED 05/30/2009 ChinaDigitalTimes, All Eyes on U.S. Treasury Secretary Geithner's First Trip to China. Our young (47) Secretary of Treasury, a Mandarin speaker, heads to China for economic talks—be bold—the prescient vision of our first Secretary of Treasury, 34 years-old New Yorker Alexander Hamilton still awes modern minds.


China and US stop their delicate dancing and start stepping on each other's toes...China channeling Mao tells the US to change its mindset (i.e. engage in self-criticism) while the US tells China it will cooperate, compete, and confront [China] as appropriate.

It's unclear why China's top leadership thinks it can hang a Big-Character sign around every country's neck like it's a struggling "capitalist roader cadre" that must be coerced into "class-struggle" and "self-criticism"?

UPDATED 08/14/2019 iqsquared, China: Friend or Foe? and NationalCommittee, Nicholas Lardy: The End of Economic Reform in China? and SCMP, Warning to China: Reforms Are Taking too Long and Germany May be About to Get Tough and Reuters, Exclusive: Germany to Create Fund to Foil Foreign Takeovers After China Moves

NationalCommittee, Nicholas Lardy: The End of Economic Reform in China?

...those wanting a snapshot of China's not insignificant accomplishments and future challenges may find this short data dense article helpful...ScienceAdv, Forty Years of Reform and Opening Up: China’s Progress Toward a Sustainable has come a long way in a short period, but has a long way to go...our small globe needs China to succeed...ScienceAdv, Supplementary Materials for Forty Years of Reform and Opening Up...everything in Texas is big...everything in China is BIG, but BIG is not the same as threatening...its easy to lose perspective in both Texas and China...

...nations, including China will not cut national and international poverty with an oxymoron like "using the sword of the law"...the using the "sword of the law" can reverse forty years of reform and opening in four days...

UPDATED 05/29/2019 AsiaSociety, Untangling the U.S. – China Narrative: Technology, Trade, and Tensions

...most China hands and others would not accuse our unstable, unfit, unwell, unbalanced, and unlawful "new" alt-white-house et al. (aka "extraordinarily stable genius") of "over-thinking" before launching his "kidnap the princess" China strategy...

UPDATED 12/12/2018 WP, China Specialists Who Long Supported Engagement Are Now Warning of Beijing’s Efforts to Influence American Society and Hoover, Chinese Influence & American Interests: Promoting Constructive Vigilance (Report) and Report, Dissenting Opinion, Susan Shirk
"...However, at the same time that we fortify ourselves against harmful outside interference[♔], we must also be mindful to do no harm. In particular, we must guard against having this report used unfairly to cast aspersions on Chinese, whether Chinese American immigrants who have become (or are becoming) United States citizens, Chinese students, Chinese business people, or other kinds of Chinese visitors, whose contributions to America’s progress over the past century have been enormous... 
...Just because the Chinese Communist Party presumes that all ethnic Chinese (wherever they may reside) still owe some measure of loyalty “to the Chinese motherland,” zuguo (祖国), does not mean that they are collectively in possession of compromised loyalty to their adopted home or place of study. ..."--Orville Schell and Larry Diamond, Report's Afterword--
...if only our unstable, unfit, unwell, and unbalanced "new" alt-white-house et al. would read or otherwise access the working group via its co-chairs...tragically, it's occupied running a personal "influence campaign" and memetic warfare operation...

...don't forget to laugh...

LateNight, Trump's Witness Tampering; Wisconsin GOP's Power Grab

[♔] is unclear how an interfering China will benefit from threatening any nation, much less Canada or the United States with severe consequences when they're simply adhering with the rule of's reminiscent of the strategy used by our unstable, unfit, unwell, and unbalanced "new" alt-white-house et al., Putin, House of Saud, etc...

...our unstable, unfit, unwell, and unbalanced "new" alt-white-house et al. could learn a lot from Canada's Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland...but, it can't because it knows more than everybody...

UPDATED 11/24/2018 NYT, China Rules: How China Became A Superpower and SCMP, White House trade Adviser Peter Navarro ‘Excluded from Xi Jinping-Donald Trump Dinner’ and FT, Nervous Investors Await China-US Talks At G20 Summit

...our unstable, unfit, unwell, and unbalanced "new" alt-white-house et al. may opportunistically denigrate globalism for domestic gain, but somebody must sponsor carrier strike groups and economic infrastructure...only in the Potemkin presidency of our unstable, unfit, unwell, and unbalanced "new" alt-white-house et al. can disordered (some might say delusional) nationalistic drivel dominate... is beyond hilariously ironic that some have labeled China's global sponsorship, debt about offering developing countries more generous deals instead of nationalistic rhetoric, propaganda, and Thucydides Trap theses (Allison's latest Ted talk promoting his thesis)...ensuring China avoids a so called "Middle Income Trap" (IMF, Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap) is more beneficial, globally...whose (war) dance is this, anyway?..

UPDATED 02/01/2018 Economist, The Dollar Keeps Weakening. Is That Good News for the World?
UPDATED 01/02/2017 NewYorker, Making China Great Again and Eurasia Group, Top Risks 2018 (pdf)

UPDATED 12/29/2017 RFA, Why 2017 Has Been The Year of Xi Jinping and Guardian, Chinese Human Rights Activist Jailed for Eight Years for Subversion and BBC, China's 'Super Vulgar Butcher' Activist Wu Gan Gets Eight Years and AsiaTimes, Communist Party Set to Control China’s Paramilitary Police

Any system of governance, which represses, punishes, or imprisons those speaking against it is not sufficient, supportable, or sustainable.

UPDATED 12/16/2017 Reuters, China, UK vow to bolster economic cooperation, speed up stock connect plan and Australian, China, UK Vow to Bolster Economic Ties

UPDATED 12/05/2017 USCC, U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, 2017 Annual Report to Congress and USCC, Economics and Trade Bulletin, Highlights November 2017

UPDATED 11/30/2017 BBC, US Court Charges Chinese 'Hackers' [Wu Yingzhuo, Dong Hao and Xia Lei] With Attacks On Three Corporations and USDOJ, Indictment 17-247, September 13, 2017 (USDOJ Press Release)
UPDATED 11/09/2017 ChinaDailyEn, President Xi holds welcome ceremony for Trump and ChinaDailyEn, US President Donald Trump lands in Beijing, kicking off three-day state visit

UPDATED 11/04/2017 OECD, Economic Survey of China 2017
UPDATED 10/28/2017 SCMP, China makes preparations to issue dollar bonds in Hong Kong this week
UPDATED 10/27/2017 DiscoveryChannel, China Time of Xi Episode 1: People’s Republic (Wikipedia, Miao Distribution and Wikipedia, Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture)

UPDATED 10/18/2017 NYT, Xi Jinping’s Marathon Speech: Five Takeaways and PeopleDaily, CPC opens 19th National Congress, declaring "new era" of Chinese socialism and SCMP, China Sets Date To Unveil Communist Party’s New Leadership Line-up and SCMP, Economic and Political Reforms Take Centre Stage At China’s party congress curtain-raiser

UPDATED 09/23/2017 CSIS, U.S. Trade Policy Priorities: Robert Lighthizer, United States Trade Representative

UPDATED 09/15/2017 Reuters, Global stocks set new highs, dollar weakens on data
UPDATED 07/30/2017 CD, 中央企业公司制改制 (zhōngyāng qǐyè gōngsīzhì gaǐzhì): Central State-owned Enterprises Corporate Reform

UPDATED 06/10/2017 CSIS, Brzezinski: On Reconnecting Asia

Zbigniew Brzezinski died on May 26, 2017; his work continues at the Brzezinski Institute on Geostrategy 

Our nation must learn to understand future great power relationships as a participatory dance to enjoy and not a manipulatory threat to fear.

UPDATED 06/06/2017 UMNChinaCenter, Griffin Lecture 2017: James McGregor on "A Reset in U.S.-China Relations"

UPDATED 05/16/2017 CCTV, Belt and Road Initiative Helps Achieve UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Growth: UN Chief

UPDATED 04/13/2017 WSJ, China's Trillion-Dollar Bet on the Yuan

UPDATED 03/04/2017 Asia Society, The End of China's Economic Miracle? (Complete) and FT, The End of the Chinese Miracle

Continuing improvements and transition of China's economy (e.g. inefficiencies, freer currency, anti-corruption, environment pollution, indicators, import model etc.) requires tough decisions, hard work, and help from the United States et al., not miracles.

UPDATED 03/01/2017 Reuters, U.S., China Discuss 'mutually beneficial' Economic Relationship
UPDATED 01/17/2017 WEF, Davos 2017 - Opening Plenary with Xi Jinping President of the Peoples Republic of China and FP, Xi Jinping, Head of World’s Largest Communist Party, Champions Global Trade

The President of the Peoples Republic of China and leader of the Communist Party of China defending the liberal world trade regimen against the astonishing illiberal assertions of the prospective president of the United States! (e.g. praising Britain's EU exit and its weakening currency; threatening punitive tariffs; threatening to scrap multilateral trade agreements etc.)  You cannot make this stuff up!!
"Pursuing protectionism is like locking oneself in a dark room. While wind and rain may be kept outside, that dark room will also block light and air. No one will emerge as a winner in a trade war." --President Peoples Republic of China, Xi, Jinping, Davos 2017--
UPDATED 01/14/2017 CGTV, Exclusive interview: US Ambassador to China Max Baucus on President Xi attending Davos

One suspects President Xi et al. will quickly learn how to correctly filter an increasingly noisy U.S.-China relationship, which will produce a surprisingly familiar signal.

UPDATED 12/06/2016 SCMP, China’s borrowing costs surge, sending economy into cycle of implicit monetary tightening and Moody's, Moody's & CCXI 2017 China Credit Outlook Conference assesses challenge of maintaining growth while implementing reform

It's difficult to delicately dance with a dance partner behaving like a bull[y] in a bullfighting arena charging at red capes! A skillful matador(s) will be required to [re]tire the bull[y] without getting gored or harming the bull[y].

UPDATED 11/21/2016 CCTV, Presidents Xi and Obama to meet in Peru and President Obama Holds a Bilateral Meeting with President Xi of China

Thank you President Obama for your global leadership during the past eight years. Watching your titular successor, to date, dance with one leg and arm is a tragicomedy, which trivialize confidence in nations' cooperative relationships.

UPDATED 11/10/2016 Reuters, Beijing says EU's proposed reforms against Chinese exports disappointing
UPDATED 11/08/2016 PaulsonInstitute, Jeff Bader & Dennis Wilder: “How Should the New President Deal With China?” and CAP, Recalibrating U.S.-China Relations in Southeast Asia (pdf)

Premier Li's recent westward journey points our "[not so] new" President towards many fruitful opportunities to advance our cooperative bilateral relationship with China.

UPDATED 11/03/2016 Reuters, Exchange Rate USCNY and ChinaDaily, Premier Li to start 8-day trip to Central Asia and East Europe
UPDATED 10/21/2016 Xinhua, Premier Li expects early conclusion of China-U.S. investment treaty negotiations 
UPDATED 10/01/2016 CCTV, Obama Stresses Need for Coordinated Action Following G20 and IMF, Lagarde Urges Action to Deliver on G20’s Hangzhou Commitments

"The G20 also welcomed the inclusion of the Renminbi into the SDR (Special Drawing Right) currency basket as of October 1st--an important milestone that will help strengthen the international monetary system as well as China's role in the global economy." --IMF, Managing Director Christine Lagarde--

Overcharged geopolitical environments are antithetical to global stability and predictability, regardless of what's in the IMF SDR currency basket.

UPDATED 09/06/2016 RT, G20 in China: Performance and fireworks on 1st day of summit and CCTV, President Xi Jinping gives the opening speech of G20 Summit in Hangzhou and Wikipedia, 2016 G20 Hangzhou summit

Translation, Xi Jinping message G20 Summit 2016, China (pdf)

UPDATED 08/15/2016 US SEC investigates Alibaba over accounting

Finally, our global economic and financial regulators are beginning to view "exceptional" (some might say ridiculous or bu*&sh!t) reporting of corporate financial and economic activity as a reason for close and transparent investigation instead of awe or envy!

Delicate dancing requires partners to follow the same step, lest one or both get hurt.

UPDATED 06/27/2016 Annual Meeting of the New Champions, Tianjin, People's Republic of China

UPDATED 06/26/2016 YoutubeFT, The end of the Chinese miracle

UPDATED 06/20/2016 YouTubeCCTV, China, Poland to Lift Ties to Comprehensive Strategic Partnership

UPDATED 06/14/2016 Reuters, Chinese state-owned companies face greater scrutiny of EU deals after ruling
UPDATED 05/10/2016 WilsonCenter, Why does not China directly increase RMB usage in International Trade? (中文
UPDATED 04/29/2016 Time, The Dispute About the South China Sea Is Also a Dispute About History and America’s Role and Reuters, China denies request for Hong Kong visit by U.S. carrier group: Pentagon

Those crewing the aircraft carrier John C. Stennis must serve 18,600 meals per day—those crewing Beijing must serve 1.357 billion!

It's important to continue asking...

UPDATED 04/07/2016 NYT, Obama Faces a Tough Balancing Act Over South China Sea and WilsonCenter, The Month in U.S.-China Relations 中美关系一个月(March 2016)

China's tangential bullying in the South and East China Sea has been a self-defeating and self-extinguishing exercise, which should not distract or impede either nation from military and non-military cooperation.

UPDATED 03/05/2016 Reuters, China aims to maintain growth pace, fend off unemployment in five-year plan A reserve currency must repeatedly and transparently dance with all partners during global economic downturns. Private dances with yourself or limited partners is a comparatively simple, if incomparable dress rehearsal.

UPDATED 12/03/2015 CSIS, The RMB Joins the SDR: Historic Inch-stone in Global Financial System and Econ, Maiden voyage [can it float?]

UPDATED 06/02/2015 AFP, Bernanke blames Congress as China flexes economic muscles
UPDATED 01/24/2014 ICIJ, Leaked Records Reveal Offshore Holdings of China’s Elite and China - China censors reports about elite's hidden funds and CDT, ICIJ Discloses 37,000+ Names of Offshore Clients

Suppose that stability (or harmony) requires governance by consensus, an informed citizenry and a transparent government.

Opaque governments implicitly suppose stability (or harmony) requires censorship and secrecy, often blaming transparency and others for any eventual instability that invariably ensues.

Government leaders (or surrogates) secretly and opaquely sending large sums of money out of their country seems like indicia of instability (not unlike an insider trader). Subsequent censorship of information disclosing such secret transfers coupled with military aggression, exaggerated nationalism and repression of dissidents seems like a baleful omen of an accelerating instability.

Ironically, increasing the instability, which censorship and secrecy seeks to avoid!

UPDATED 06/02/2013 NYT, U.S. and China Agree to Hold Regular Talks on Hacking

Unsupported hyperbolic statements by well-meaning Chinese and American generals are distinctly unhelpful and unlikely to motivate an improved bilateral relationship.

UPDATED 12/27/2012 Reuters, China is the elephant in the situation room Includes a link to the Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds report (pdf)

UPDATED 10/28/2012 NYT, The Wen Family Empire
UPDATED 10/11/2012 Reuters, IMF cuts China, India, Emerging Asia Growth Forecasts

Of more concern than a China that rises is a China that fails to rise—only slightly less concerning is that some seemly prefer confrontation over cooperation and coercion over competitive or comparative advantage.

UPDATED 08/11/2012 Reuters, China data signals economy may need urgent policy action
UPDATED 05/21/2012 Reuters, Exclusive U.S. lets China bypass Wall Street for Treasury Orders

UPDATED 05/09/2012 Reuters, Analysis: Turning point emerges for Chinese central bank's market operations

UPDATED 05/03/2012 ThomsonReuters, Auditor watchdog in China talks - spokeswoman

UPDATED 04/06/2012 Brookings, Addressing U.S.-China Strategic Distrust

A paper aiming to reduce the probability that China and the United States jointly produce a tragi-comedy, which plays on our global stage to critical condemnation.

Both nations have a responsibility to jointly produce a modern opera, which plays on the global stage to critical acclaim (hint: it will likely have both Chinese and American characteristics).

UPDATED 04/04/2012 Reuters, RPT-UPDATE 1-China's Wen says bank monopoly must be broken up-state media

UPDATED 03/19/2012 CCTV, China Development Forum 2012 and IMF, China Development Forum 2012, Guest Speech by Christine Lagarde, IMF Managing Director

UPDATED 03/18/2012 Reuters, China to reform, grow economy, IMF eyes freer yuan
UPDATED 03/01/2012 NYT, A Call for Beijing to Loosen Its Grip on the Economic Reins and
WB, China 2030: Building a Modern, Harmonious, and Creative High-Income Society

UPDATED 02/21/2012 USCC, Hearing on Chinese State-Owned and State-Controlled Enterprises

It's unclear whether the state owned-controlled-sponsored enterprise(s) can or will predominated global competition?

Most of the hearing witnesses seem to generally focus on a variant of the theme that China is coupling currency controls and state owned-controlled-sponsored enterprises to subsidize domestic and foreign markets.

But how is China's global subsidy of the consumer harmful? Perhaps this is what hearing witness Paul T. Saulski was getting at by stating:
"I will end by pointing out that, although these policies do benefit state-owned enterprises and industries vis-à-vis their foreign competitors, these policies do not come without significant cost to the Chinese economy."
Of course a nation's choice of models (economic, financial, legal and production)  is independent of the requirement that all these models and all actors must operate in a globally transparent and accountable environment.

Discovering your collateral debt obligation3 is worthless must not await a sovereign default; discovering medical grade silicon substitutes must not await implant rupture; discovering a metal was not heat treated must not await a crash; discovering an active ingredient substitution must not await the harm or death of a patient; etc.

The good news is that on this anniversary of the Nixon-Kissinger trip to China we're still discussing how best to further open our nations.

UPDATED 02/16/2012 NYT, Europe Steps Up Talks With China on Its Market Status

Today's open economics means your dance is significantly influenced, if not determined by the dance(s) of others—the chaos of stopping the music and then competing for chairs is no longer desirable, if it ever was.

Our future economic models must ensure the music does not stop or when it does that there is a seat for every ass.

UPDATED 02/14/2012 Reuters, Obama, China's Xi to tread cautiously in White House talks and Reuters, Obama friendly but firm with China heir apparent

UPDATED 10/02/2010 Reuters, Wen says some in Congress politicize trade gap. China''s Wen is correct on politicizing trade and that we are not going to restart production of the low-value added items imported from China:
"...Many of the Chinese exports to the United States are no longer produced in the U.S., and I don''t believe that the United States will restart the production of those products -- products which are at the low end of the value-added chain....."--Reuters quoting China Premier Wen Jiabao--
Our current leadership is now struggling to create the high-value-added replacement jobs—unfortunately the low-value-added jobs were lost faster than the high-value-added jobs were created. Blaming China will not create the replacement high-value-added jobs.

UPDATED 10/01/2010 Reuters, UPDATE 1-US, China not headed for currency war- Geithner and CFR, Confronting the China-U.S. Economic Imbalance .

Blaming China should not substitute for focusing on America, including support for our citizens and residents negatively impacted by our transition toward increased global cooperative competition. All nations must avoid the politically expedient tendency to characterized other peer nations as engaging in inimical behavior; instead they must cooperate to ensure stable competition in our increasingly global economic and financial systems.

UPDATED 09/24/2010 Reuters, Obama asks Wen for more action on yuan.
UPDATED 09/08/2010 Reuters, China-U.S. ties improving, Hu tells White House team. Encore! UPDATED 07/15/2010 AsiaTimes, All ''AmeriChina'' cards on table.
UPDATED 06/19/2010 Xinhua, China decides to further reform RMB exchange rate regime and Xinhua, Obama says China''s currency move "a constructive step" and NYT, China Signals a Gradual Rise in Value of Its Currency.
"...We welcome China''s decision to increase the flexibility of its exchange rate,...Vigorous implementation would make a positive contribution to strong and balanced global growth. We look forward to continuing our work with China in the G20 and bilaterally to strengthen the recovery,..."--Xinhua quoting U.S. Treasury Secretary Geithner--.
UPDATED 04/04/2010 Reuters, China tries to cool yuan dispute with U.S..
UPDATED 03/18/2010 NYT, U.S. to Delay Chinese Currency Report.

China representatives are scheduled to discuss currency manipulation and balance of trade issues with senators ahead of a vote on whether the Yuan is being artificially undervalued against the dollar. Many think the current Yuan:Dollar ratio of 6.83:1 is 25-40 percent undervalued. It seems preferable for China to develop the non-authoritarian institutions required for a stable civil society as opposed to pursuing unsustainable growth policy that distort or destabilize the global economy in pursuit of the same.

UPDATED 03/15/2010 CFR, Confronting the China-U.S. Economic Imbalance.
UPDATED 03/09/2010 CFR, China''s Exchange Rate Policy: The Heat Is On.
UPDATED 02/05/2010 Economist, By fits and starts.

Mostly fits right now. Unfortunately China leaders like our leaders will tend toward stoking the nationalism rhetoric. The rhetoric can be dangerous because it substitutes emotional appeasement for doing the heavy lifting required for long-term sustainable solutions. Many times leaders of a nation cynically use nationalism believing they can control the passions. But such passions are difficult to control once stoked. Citizens in both China and America must condemn any effort by our leaders to substitute nationalism for the hard work of ensuring sustainable global growth. Protectionism or terminating dialogue or inflammatory rhetoric regardless of the differences or disagreements are nationalistic and impede sustainable global growth.

UPDATED 02/04/2010 BBC, China hits back at US over trade

More imbalances left behind by the previous administration. A policy of creating growth using the mantra "markets clear everything" has created titanic imbalances and disasters. Balanced growth is preferred growth because it''s sustainable growth.

Caution: How will our current administration determine and communicate that it is: ensuring a level playing field for fair trade; and not protecting inefficient domestic industries lacking innovation? Our president has signaled he will oppose protectionism while ensuring a level playing field for competition, but data and information must accompany the words. Understandably China is left to assert subjective statements like "At the moment...the level of the yuan [sic] is close to reasonable and balanced." The reply is simple and direct...well then let''s float your currency and more objectively test your statement. Many think the Yuan is still 30-40 percent undervalued making our goods relatively more expensive for the Chinese consumer, among other things.

UPDATED 01/15/2010 NYT, Murray: US Senators Urge China Action on Currency. A nation shifting from an export to import model must lawfully or unlawfully build its intellectual property assets—unfortunately most nations, and China is no exception, engage both lawful and unlawful channels (the recent Google-China incident is about this in spades) for increasing their intellectual property assets. Authoritarian regimes will tend toward unlawful channels simply because their governing model is in conflict with the freedoms necessary for lawful generation of cutting-edge intellectual property assets. However our leader are shortsighted not to recognize the untenability (from China''s perspective) of asserting that China floats its currency and abandon its efforts to lawfully increase its intellectual property assets. Our leaders are also shortsighted to place all their focus on the necessity of prying open China''s markets to the exclusion of developing, protecting, and securing our next generation intellectual property assets. We simply do not want to be in the position of competing with an authoritarian China using an export model to exploit an infinite supply of low-cost labor! Hopefully, our forthcoming Google incident demarche will implicitly (if not explicitly) make clear to China and other American companies we have no such intention of doing so.

UPDATED 07/26/2009
UPI, Chinese delegation in Washington for talks.

UPDATED 07/27/2009 Reuters, Obama calls for deeper U.S.-Chinese ties. Vice Premier Wang, Secretary of State Clinton, and Treasury Secretary Geithner at U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue in Washington July 27, 2009.
"...The relationship between the United States and China will shape the 21st century, which makes it as important as any bilateral relationship in the world,..."--President Obama--
UPDATED 07/21/2009 Time, China''s Plans for Replacing the Dollar.
UPDATED 06/02/2009 Xinhua, U.S. treasury chief embarks on China visit, shaping ties in Obama era
UPDATED 06/02/2009 NYT, In China, Geithner Backs Cooperation.
UPDATED 05/22/2009 UPI, China fails to win status from EU. China still striving for "market economy" status from EU

This is a huge issue and one not easily solved by China''s leaders. China''s leaders would like to achieve market status because it eliminates "price imputation" on a host of trade related issues. In a "planned economy" (as opposed to market economy) prices are not objectively and reliably determined (central planning sets prices)—so in some trade related circumstances market economies will calculate an approximate market price and impute it to China''s goods. ...Of course if you are trying to build confidence in your currency it is helpful to subject that currency to market forces ("float").

If over time the currency maintains its value investors gain confidence. If on the other hand you peg your currency at a predetermined value and intervene in the currency markets to maintain that value investors have no simple way of objectively determining if the currency value reflects its true value or a "manipulated value".

But if China "floats" its currency its true market value may cause unintended or undesirable (from the perspective of China''s leadership) consequences. For example it may cause an outflow of currency from China''s banks; it may cause export prices to rise making them less competitive internationally; it may increase the cost of vital infrastructure projects; etc.

It''s no easy task to float your currency while simultaneously avoiding all undesirable consequences—just ask our secretary of Treasury, Timothy Geithner! In case you think its simple or black-white consider whether it's better to have hedge fund managers and currency speculators manipulating your currency or your nation's central bankers?

UPDATED 05/22/2009 UPI, Pelosi, U.S. delegation to visit China [May 24-31, 2009]. Whether you agree or disagree with China''s leaders many most acknowledge and credit their Herculean efforts to transform China; reduce its crippling poverty; and place it on a path of global participation (sometimes it''s easy to forget China is a developing nation). Our leaders will do well to assume China''s leaders have objectively studied and thoroughly understand most of the critical problems confronting China—demonstrating that same understanding and communicating how America can play a constructive and accommodating role in solving those problems will be most welcomed. ...And who knows what together we can accomplish?

UPDATED 05/17/2009 NYT, The China Puzzle. It is not often we read an article, even in the NYT, that aims at educating the reader—David Leonhard has accomplished this in a infinitesimal incremental way—kudos! It''s not that our trade imbalance with China is per se the problem—it''s what our policymakers for the previous eight years did with China''s loaned foreign exchange surplus that is an enormous problem—they consumed it instead of investing and now have nothing to show for it, except rusting military hardware, scrap metal, and a cheap DVD player with a MTBF of 200 to 400 hours! Competing with China in the low to medium skilled labor market is not something America wants to accomplish—whether and why we need to are different and most unfortunate questions our policymakers are currently asking and debating among themselves and others? Ironically, China, a communist country with socialist and egalitarian aspirations currently has one of the world''s most unequal income distributions. China has annual average urban income of  ¥3,411 and rural income of  ¥1,2442 (note the imbalance between rural and urban).

UPDATED 04/25/2009 Reuters, Geithner urges global effort to tamp crisis
"We must set ourselves on a path so that one country, or group of countries, does not consume in excess while another set of countries produces in excess,"--Reuters, quoting Geithner--
UPDATED 04/18/2009 BBC, China looks to its own consumers and VOA, China Announces $10 Billion Asian Infrastructure Investment. Global demand is insufficient to support China''s export model forcing it to look to domestic demand. Switching from an export model, if that''s what China''s fourth and fifth generation leadership plan, will be as challenging as it is potentially beneficial.
"But Mr. Wen stressed the importance of confidence among world leaders, calling it "more valuable than gold" and said that hope was also important, like a "beacon.""--VOA quoting China''s Premier at Boao Forum--
Confidence in world leadership is even more important—leadership capable of credible, continuous interaction for shared sustainable global growth—not princes, oligarchs and cowboys who stand on the sidelines issuing threats, preconditions, and demands—substituting militarization, belligerence, and bullying for credible confident leadership. UPDATED 04/01/2009 Xinhua, China, U.S. to build positive, cooperative and comprehensive relationship in 21st century. UPDATED 03/13/2009 Reuters, China expresses worry over its U.S. assets.
"I would like, through you, to once again request America to maintain their creditworthiness, keep their promise and guarantee the safety of Chinese assets,"--China''s Premier Wen Jiabao--
We''re a little concerned too—but, our Secretary of State likely has it about right—thanks for your directness—if there''s anything Paul Volcker has demonstrated a dislike for it''s inflation.

UPDATED 03/05/2009 NYT, China Outlines Ambitious Plan for Stimulus The parallel economic efforts of both nations has been impressive—wonder what could be achieved with transparent cooperative and coordinated economic efforts? China starts parliament session amid global crisis, calls for confidence to combat downturn Reuters, China silent on extra stimulus, stands by growth aim

UPDATED 03/01/2009 Xinhuanet En, Premier: Regression in Sino-U.S. relations not in line with historical tide. China''s Premier Wen Jiabao conducts a two hour intra-China online chat.
"He [Wen] said it has been proved by 30 years of Sino-U.S. relations that both will benefit from cooperation and both will be hurt by bitter fights."--Xinhua, reporting chat--
Hopefully, soon both Chinese and American leaders will be conducting unrestricted, uncensored routine reciprocal cross-culture online chats with the netizens of the others nation.

UPDATED 01/30/2009 AP, Obama addresses global trade imbalances with Hu Xinhuanet En, China''s Hu holds phone talks with Obama over ties

UPDATED 01/28/2009 UK Guardian, China pins blame for financial crisis on America
[America enabled] " excessive expansion of financial institutions in blind pursuit of profit, lack of self discipline among financial institutions and ratings agencies..."--China''s Politburo, Wen Jiabao--
Point taken—perhaps the illusion of profits is a better descriptor—the net profits and wealth remain to be studied and determined. Only the speculators (cowboys) benefit from engaging in the harmful practices aimed at creating and profiting from artificial differential swings in the market, most recently from 12,000 to 8,000. The rest of us benefit from sustainable stable linear growth, but then most of us aren''t walking the halls of Congress purchasing the enabling "cowboy policies" from members of Congress (it''s called corruption in China and everywhere else, we call it campaign contributions). In fact if or when we all begin acting like the "cowboys" our system will no longer function and will collapse—in just eight years the "cowboys" have produced a warning disaster! Hopefully, together we''ll study and learn from this warning and avoid triggering another.

UPDATED 01/24/2009 AP, Under Obama, US-China ties may face shaky start WP, Geithner Says China Manipulates Its Currency AP, China dismisses US remark on currency manipulation


1. China''s Yuan is pegged against a weighted composite of international currencies, but China''s domestic currency is the Renminbi (see Wikipedia, Currency Signs for other country''s currency symbols).

2. Loren Brandt and Thomas Rawski, China''s Great Economic Transformation, 2008 page 729 et seq. (Dwayne Benjamin, Loren Brandt et al. Income Inequality during China''s Economic Transition)—published in Loren Brandt and Thomas Rawski, China''s Economic Transformation, 2008 Figures are for 2001 data. China''s 2008 HDI PPP GDP per capita based on 2006 U.S. dollars is $4,682.

3. UPDATED 03/17/2021 The SEC has recently release a report containing a series of notional histograms for the Security Based Swap known as a Credit Default Swap (CDS), which frequently insure a Collateral Debt Obligation (CDO).

There is an intense debate over what threshold should trigger swap dealer regulation—high threshold to exempt many dealers or a low threshold to exempt few dealers.

The egregious use of CDOs and CDS by our cannibal capitalists has been well described and documented (e.g. Reuters, Forget Greg Smith. For Goldman expose, read Hudson CDO ruling).

4. An exclusive emphasis on conflict and confrontation risks fully apperceiving a complex cultural dance between China's leadership and its mass of people. (CSIS, China Reality Check: Chinese Public Opinion and the Durability of Chinese Communist Party Rule and CSIS, Reconnecting Asia: Launch)

Originally Published January 24, 2009; Last Updated: July 30, 2021;  Last Republished: July 30, 2021